Archive for the ‘Evidences of high technology in Antiquity’ Category

Across the world mankind has been confronted with evidences and artifacts that pose question marks which have never been satisfactorily reasoned by mainstream scholarship. The term used by AA Theorists to describe propagation of such unreasoned idea is, “Sanitized View”. Most of these evidences are very aptly described by another industry accepted term called “Out of Place Artifacts”. These evidences stick out of the sands of time, posing question that we are still trying to reason with. Some of these evidences are in form of Maps, found across the world that compels us to ask, how were they built and who built them? Because, quite evidently they are not a handiwork of humankind, considering the time they were built. Lets analyze a such few significant maps. Closely.

The Piri Reis Map of 1513

In 1929 there was an amazing map discovered in the Imperial Archives at Constantinople that had been sitting, virtually unexamined, for years. The map, which had been drawn in 1513 by a Turkish Admiral named Piri Reis, showed North America, South America, Greenland and Antarctica. However what is so perplexing about this map is that Antarctica had not been discovered in 1513. Antarctica was not located until 1820 and America had only been discovered in 1492, a mere 21 years prior to the maps creation and yet it is mapped quite accurately. Remarkably, the map also depicts several land masses bearing their correct longitudes even though longitude itself was not discovered until the late 1700’s either. Reis had been a famous Turkish Admiral of the 16th Century. He had a passion for maps, He loved cartography and was a highly experienced and respected mariner. In his day, he was considered to be an expert on all Mediterranean Lands and Coastlines and also held high in the favors of the Turkish court. Such a noble status enabled him to enjoy privileged access to the Imperial Library at Constantinople and he spent much of his spare time there. In his notes Reis said that he had based his map on several much older maps he had seen at the library, including one that Columbus is reported to have viewed prior to his voyage to the Americas.

The map in question was said to have been captured from the Spaniards in a naval engagement and later given to the admiral by a Spanish prisoner who had apparently sailed on three of Columbus’s New World voyages! Many scholars have indeed suspected that Columbus was in possession of a map and already knew of the existence of America before embarking on his famous ‘voyage of discovery’. Reis also wrote a well known Turkish book on sailing called ‘Kitababi Bahriye’ in which he gives detailed and accurate descriptions of the coastlines, harbors, bays, currents, shallows and straits of the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. He was beheaded by the Turkish Court in 1554 or 1555 for reasons now unknown. In case you can’t see it, That’s the top piece of Africa on the top right of the map and the tip of south America reaching out to it from the left side of the map, running up through the gulf of Mexico and up to Nth. America. The tip of Antarctica can be seen sticking up on the bottom right. Another interesting point to this map is the strange layout of the South American continent which looks sort of stretched out of shape. However, viewing the sphere of earth from space accurately produces this type of view.

The Orontius Finaeus Map of 1531

The Orontius Finaeus map was found in 1960 by Charles Hapgood and it too, apparently shows the continent of Antarctica along with the accurate outlines of Antarctic rivers that are now covered by thick glaciers. The map was found in the Library of Congress in Washington DC where it had been sitting unstudied for a great many years. In the map the continent and coastline is shown to be ice free and, like the Piri Reis map, it too shows an accurate depiction of the Ross Sea which today is totally hidden beneath a floating ice shelf several hundred meters thick. Studies of actual core samples taken from the Antarctic ice shelf have also clearly revealed numerous layers of strata in the ice showing that the area has indeed gone through several periods of dramatic environmental change. Some sedimentary deposits that were found in the samples were from sea water that had flowed into the area and were even actually datable. The tests show that the sediments were deposited sometime around 4000 years ago which indicates that the Ross Sea would have had to have been flowing and free from ice at the time for the deposits to have occurred.

The Bauche Map of 1737

Phillip Bauche was a French geographer of the 18th century who also drew a map that clearly shows Antarctica except that Bauche’s map shows Antarctica two separate land masses, with detailed shorelines (fig.3). For many years the map was generally considered to be wrong because when Antarctica was discovered it actually looked nothing what Bauche had drawn. Then in 1958 a seismic survey of Antarctica was carried out which surprisingly showed that Antarctica was indeed two archipelago islands covered by a thick layer of ice that made it appear as only one land mass and not only that, but that the general topography of the lands beneath the ice matches the drawings on the Bauche map in every detail. So how on earth this can be in any way possible? This map means that Bauche was in possession of a correct map showing Antarctica 100 years before it was discovered and not only that, but without any ice on it. Antarctica has not been in an ice free condition for a minimum of at least 10,000 years and many scientists believe that the period of time to be more like several million years.

The Franco Rosselli map of 1508

Franco Rosselli was a renowned Florentine cartographer of the 15th century who created a relatively small but richly illustrated copperplate engraving, hand colored on Vellum, measuring just 6 x 11 inches.The piece is now kept in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. At the time Rosselli created the map, cartography was still a relatively new and experimental art which makes the revelations in his world map even more amazing. The maps depiction of Antarctica is a work of great accuracy and even names the area quite specifically as Antarticus. The details on the Rosselli map are extremely well painted and as with the previous maps, geographical features such as the Ross Sea and Wilkes Land are particularly easy to identify on it. Again, what is so perplexing about this extraordinary map is the year it was painted in 1508. According to our history this is a full three and a half centuries before Antarctica was discovered. And yet here again we have Antarctica depicted accurately on a 15th century Florentine map.

The Mercator Map of 1538

And even yet another intriguing map is one drawn in 1538 by Mercator, another highly respected cartographer who lived in the 16th century. His works are quite famous and you can still buy a Mercator atlas in shops today. Mercator was known to periodically update is works and produce a new, more definitive world atlas as more shores became charted and more accurate charts become available to him. In doing such an update, his 1538 world map (fig.5) was replaced by a new one in 1569. However we now know that not only was his 1538 map far more accurate than the latter one but what proved to be even more amazing was that it also contained correct measurements of longitude. To put all this mention of longitude into some sort of perspective for you: Longitude is the distance in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian. Due to the Earths rotation, it is far harder to calculate longitude than it is latitude, which can be measured by using the stars or the sun for
observation. To calculate Longitude, requires an equation of ‘distance = speed x time’ and, most importantly, an accurate clock. Discovering longitude was once described as “greatest of all naval problems” and in the 1700’s an actual Board of Longitude was set up in England to solve the issue. In 1714, Sir Isaac Newton appeared before the board and explained that the real problem was that “a watch required for such accuracy has not yet been invented”. The Queen then offered a prize of 20,000 pounds to any man who might build such a device and finally, in 1761, a man by the name of Harrison claimed the prize and put forth his prototype chronometer which then “ushered in a new era of sea travel” for the world.

During the 19th century maps then began being updated with the correct degrees of longitude. However Mercator’s map of 1538 was marked with correct longitude a full 223 years before it was discovered. Where was he able to gain that information from? It is obvious that Mercator himself had no real knowledge of longitude at the time and must have borrowed or been given the information from another source because he then updated his subsequent maps incorrectly with
what was considered to be more recent and therefore, supposedly more reliable information. These maps constitute some extremely significant evidence indeed, for if ancient man had never circumnavigated the globe or possessed any knowledge of longitude then how can any of these maps exist?


Earths Forbidden Secrets Part One

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Zorats Karer (Zorac‘ K‘arer, Zorac Qarer, Zorakarer, Zorakar Armenian: Զորաց Քարեր), also called Karahunj, Carahunge or the Armenian Stonehenge) is an archaeological site near the city of Sisian in the Syunik province of Armenia. The site is located on a rocky promontory near Sisian. About 223 large stone tombs can be found in the area. It was explored by a team of archaeologists from the Institut für Vorderasiatische Archäologie, University of Munich who published their findings in 2000. They concluded that “in contrast to the opinion that Zorakarer may be called an Armenian Stonehenge”, Zorats Karer “was mainly a necropolis from the Middle Bronze Age to the Iron Age.” The Munich archaeologists add that it may have served “as a place of refuge in times of war”, possibly in the Hellenistic – Roman period (c. 300 BC – 300 AD). A wall of rocks and compacted soil (loam) was built around the site with vertical rocks plugged into it for reinforcement: today only these upright rocks remain – Wikipedia (

A new study into Armenia’s Carahunge stone circle complex, has shown that it is arguably one of the oldest known megalithic sites outside of Turkey, dating to around 5500 BC. Moreover, investigations by Russian prehistorian Professor Paris Herouni indicate that Carahunge (car means “stone” in Armenian, and hunge means “voice” or “sound”), located some 200km from the Armenian capital Yerevan, not far from the town of Sisian, was created as an astronomical observatory marking the movement not only of the sun and moon, but also the stars.

Key hole to Cygnus

More significant is that Carahunge’s principal stellar alignment is towards Deneb, the bright star in the constellation of Cygnus the swan. A number of the standing stones bear smooth angled spy holes that are 4 to 5cm in diameter, each one being angled towards different points on the horizon or ancient targets in the heavens. A key stone had a hole that was focused due north towards the meridian. This suggested that it targeted a bright star at its culmination – i.e. the highest or lowest point it reaches as it revolves around the north celestial pole.

According to Andrew Collins, “Herouni ran the angle of the stone through various astronomical programmes and found that it was aligned to Deneb at a date of around 5,500 BC, suggesting that this was the time frame in which Carahunge was in use by an advanced society of astronomer priests. It was this alignment that provided the key to finally dating the site, which was expected to have been constructed during this distant epoch. It is even now being claimed by Professor Herouni that Carahunge is the oldest stone obervatory in the world, although surely the stone setting at Nabta Playa in Egypt’s Libyan desert is at least as old as Carahunge, and arguably older. Plus there are my own findings with respect to the orientations of various Pre-Pottery Neolithic (PPN) sites in southeast Turkey, including the 12,000 year old Gobekli Tepe. In The Cygnus Mystery (2006) I demonstrated that, like Carahunge, they seemed to be orientated towards Cygnus’s brightest star, Deneb”.

The importance of Professor Herouni’s findings regarding Carahunge is that in a time frame little different to the Neolithic city of Catal Huyuk in neighbouring Turkey, there was an astronomical observatory in Armenia not just aligned to the sun and moon, but also to the stars, and Cygnus in particular. I suspect that the interest in this star group goes back beyond the PPN sites of southeast Turkey to the Palaeolithic age, and the peoples who created the amazing cave art in Western Europe. Representations of Cygnus certainly exist in the Lascaux cave in the Dordogne region of southern France, and I suspect it is present in various other painted caves as well.

So why was Cygnus important?

Primarily it is because of its use as a time marker, its stars being so close to the north celestial pole they move very little across hundreds of years. Then there is its position on the Milky Way, exactly where this starry stream bifurcates to form what is known as the Cygnus Rift or Dark Rift. Universally, this area of the sky has been seen as the point of access into the sky-world, as well as a place of cosmic birth and death. It was also the place where the souls of the dead traveled in the afterlife, very often accompanied by, or in the form of, a bird, seen as a psycho-pomp, a soul carrier. Very often the identity of these birds corresponded with how the stars of Cygnus were represented in regional mythologies – a falcon in Egypt, a vulture on the Euphrates and a swan in Hellenic Greece and Turkey.

I am not surprised that Carahunge is aligned to Cygnus, although it is always pleasing when one’s theories are shown to be real. I think that in years to come we shall find a lot more about the cult of the swan, and its relationship to the earliest sky-religions of the ancient world. I also think there is much more to learn about the prehistoric beliefs of the proto Armenians, and how they held true age old beliefs that went back all the way to Palaeolithic times. I also made another surprising observation, the name Carahunge is also spelt as Karahunge (where Kara means Stone and Hunge refers to Voice/ Sound).

Based Upon :: Research work by Russian pre-historian Professor Paris Herouni and Andrew Collins

Other Critical Inputs

Was Earth ever inhabited by a very advanced civilization, if not by aliens, in the distant past? Was there beings of considerably higher intelligence, perhaps much higher than ours, ever on this planet? The question has been put forward time and again and each time it has been ridiculed  by the mainstream scholarship, no end. Each time the statement has met a dead end thought process in form of a very sanitized view of the world. However crazy we are, we continue our quest for the trust, each time presenting the conventional thinkers, archeologists, historians and scientists a newer wave of evidence that they cannot deny. This write up is about such evidence, that of hi tech warfare, perhaps more lethal than what we are capable of today, and waged with weapons that puts contemporary weaponology to sheer shame.

The story begins when a layer of radioactive ash was discovered in Rajasthan, India. It covered a three-square mile area, ten miles west of Jodhpur. The research occurred after a very high rate of birth defects and cancer was discovered in the area. The levels of radiation registered so high on investigators’ gauges that the Indian government cordoned off the region. Scientists then apparently unearthed an ancient city where they found evidence of an atomic blast dating back thousands of years: from 8,000 to 12,000 years. The blast was said to have destroyed most of the buildings and probably a half-million people.

The mysterious beginning of civilization in Sumer, nearly six thousand years ago, was matched by its equally sudden and mysterious demise. The circumstances behind this demise are generally brushed over by the general history books. They tell us that this magnificent civilization beget a rival in the neighbouring and equally mysterious Akkadian empire, and that around 2000 BC both the Sumerians and the Akkadians disappeared for no particular reason. We are then told that two new civilizations, the Babylonians and the Assyrians, arose as if from nowhere to dominate Mesopotamia. With this huge over-simplification, the matter is left to rest. And yet a mass of evidence does exist, describing the downfall of Sumer, so why does this evidence not appear in the history books?

The answer is that the nature of the final disaster which struck the Sumerians mystified them as much as it mystifies scholars today. The Sumerians’ description of the disaster is so strange that it is conveniently regarded as mythology and brushed to one side. It is archaeological fact, however, that Sumer’s demise came suddenly. In 1985, Zecharia Sitchin put forward a credible scenario for the use of nuclear weapons to the west of Sumer, at a date which coincided with its mysterious downfall.

The following translations have been published by the foremost expert on Sumer, Professor Samuel Kramer.

On the land [Sumer] fell a calamity, one unknown to man;
        one that had never been seen before,
        one which could not be withstood.
        A great storm from heaven…
        A land-annihilating storm…
        An evil wind, like a rushing torrent…
        A battling storm joined by a scorching heat…
        By day it deprived the land of thebright sun, in the evening the stars did not shine…
        The people, terrified, could hardly breathe;
        the evil wind clutched them, does not grant them another day…
        Mouths were drenched with blood, heads wallowed in blood…
        The face was made pale by the Evil Wind.
        It caused cities to be desolated, houses to become desolate;
        stalls to become desolate, the sheepfolds to be emptied.
        Sumer’s rivers it made flow with water that is bitter;
        its cultivated fields grow weeds, its pastures grow withering plants.

This episode is also captured in whats called the “The Case of the Evil Wind”

At the end of the third millennium B.C. the great Sumerian civilization came to an abrupt end. Its sudden demise was bewailed in numerous lamentation texts that have been discovered by archeologists. The texts ascribed the calamity to an Evil Wind that came blowing from the west (from the direction of the Mediterranean Sea) — a deathly cloud that caused excruciating death to all living beings, people and animals alike, that withered plants and poisoned the waters.

In The Wars of Gods and Men, Zecharia Sitchin saw an explanation of the sudden death in a long text known to scholars as The Erra Epos, that described a chain of events that ultimately led to the use of “Weapons of Terror” in a conflict between opposing clans of the Anunnaki (“Those who from Heaven to Earth came”).

Based on the descriptions of the weapons in the Erra Epos, and in the lamentation texts, Zecharia Sitchin concluded that the Weapons of Terror were nuclear weapons. Used to obliterate the spaceport that then existed in the Sinai Peninsula (and some “sinning cities” such as Sodom and Gomorrah), the nuclear cloud then was carried by the prevailing winds eastward, causing death and desolation in the Lands Between the Rivers (Mesopotamia) — the empire of Sumer and Akkad.

Besides claiming that nuclear weapons were first used on Earth not in the 1940’s in Hiroshima but thousands of years earlier in the Near East, Zecharia also pinpointed the date: 2024 B.C.

Mohenjo Daro (lit. Mound of the Dead, Sindhi: موئن جو دڙو, pronounced), situated in the province of Sindh, Pakistan, was one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Mohenjo Daro was built around 2600 BC and and continued to exist till about 1800 BC. The ruins of the city were discovered in 1922 by Rakhaldas Bandyopadhyay, an officer of the Archaeological Survey of India. He was led to the mound by a Buddhist monk, who believed it to be a stupa. In the 1930s, massive excavations were conducted under the leadership of John Marshall, K. N. Dikshit, Ernest Mackay, and others.

When excavations of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro reached the street level, they discovered skeletons scattered about the cities, many holding hands and sprawling in the streets as if some instant, horrible doom had taken place. People were just lying, unburied, in the streets of what once happened to be a sprawling metropolis.  And these skeletons are thousands of years old, even by traditional archaeological standards. What could cause such a thing? Why did the bodies not decay or get eaten by wild animals? Furthermore, there is no apparent cause of a physically violent death. These skeletons are among the most radioactive ever found, on par with those at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. An ancient, heavily populated city in Pakistan seemed to have been instantly destroyed 2,000 years before Christ by an incredible explosion that could only been caused by an atomic bomb.

At one site, Soviet scholars found a skeleton which had a radioactive level 50 times greater than normal. Other cities have been found in northern India that show indications of explosions of great magnitude. One such city, found between the Ganges and the mountains of Rajmahal, seems to have been subjected to intense heat. Huge masses of walls and foundations of the ancient city are fused together, literally vitrified! And since there is no indication of a volcanic eruption at Mohenjo-Daro or at the other cities, the intense heat to melt clay vessels can only be explained by an atomic blast or some other unknown weapon. The cities were wiped out entirely.

The David Davenport Angle to Mohenjo Daro Extinction [Quotes adapted directly from his works]

An ancient, heavily populated city in Pakistan was instantly destroyed 2,000 years before Christ by an incredible explosion that could only been caused by an atomic bomb. That’s the mind bogging conclusion of a British researcher, David Davenport, who spent 12 years studying ancient Hindu scripts and evidence at the site where the great city – Mohenjo Daro once stood. What was found at the site of Mohenjo Daro corresponds exactly to Nagasaki, declared Davenport, who published his startling findings in an amazing book, “Atomic Destruction in 2000 B.C.”, Milan, Italy, 1979.

There was an epicenter about 50 yards wide where everything was crystallized, fused or melted, he said. Sixty yards from the center the bricks are melted on one side indicating a blast. the horrible, mysterious event of 4,000 years ago that leveled Mohenjo Daro was recorded in an old Hindu manuscript called the Mahabharata, “White hot smoke that was a thousand times brighter than the sun rose in infinite brilliance and reduced the city to ashes, the account reads. Water boiled…horses and war chariots were burned by the thousands.. . the corpses of the fallen were mutilated by the terrible heat so that they no longer looked like human beings…”. The description concludes, “it was a terrible sight to see … never before have we seen such a ghastly weapon”.

Based on his study of many ancient manuscripts, Davenport believes that the end of Mohenjo Daro was tied to a state of war between the Aryans and the Dravidian. Aryans controlled regions where space aliens were mining minerals and exploiting other natural resources, he believes. Because it was a Dravidian city, the aliens had agreed to destroy Mohenjo Daro on behalf of the Aryans. The aliens needed the friendship of the Aryan kings so that they could continue their prospecting and research, explained Davenport. The texts tell us that 30,000 inhabitants of the city were given seven days to get out – a clear warning that everything was about to be destroyed. Obviously, some people didn’t heed the warning, because 44 human skeletons were found there in 1927, just a few years after the city was discovered.

All the skeletons were flattened to the ground. For example, a father, mother and child were found flattened in the street, face down and still holding hands. Interestingly, the ancient texts refer repeatedly to the Vimanas, or the flying cars, which fly under their own power, he added. Davenport’s intriguing theory has met with intense interest in the scientific community. Nationally known expert William Sturm said, “the melting of bricks at Mohenjo Daro could not have been caused by a normal fire”. Added professor Antonio Castellani, a space engineer in Rome, “it’s possible that what happened at Mohenjo Daro was not a natural phenomenon”.

David Davenport, who spent 12 years studying ancient Hindu scripts and evidence at the ancient site of Mohenjo-Daro, declared in 1996 that the city was instantly destroyed around 2,000 BC. The city ruins reveal the explosion’s epicenter which measures 50 yards wide. At that location everything was crystallized, fused or melted. Sixty yards from the center the bricks were melted on one side indicating a blast… the horrible mysterious event of 4000 years ago was recorded in the Mahabharata.

How did man 2000 tears before Christ have the the knowledge of not only producing such high degree of heat, but also harness the power of such high temperatures? If Mohanjo Daro was destroyed by a nuclear catastrophe, who designed and manufactured them? If not then what was used to produce such heat that vitrified rock and bricks? What could be attributed to the high degree of  radioactive traces in the skeletons? How did all of them die, in one instant? Its up to us whether we need answers to these questions or continue to live in a sanitized view of the world, as provided to us by mainstream scholarship.

With inputs from:

Well, before I go into this, let me tell you two facts about this post. One, its not ‘entirely’ my research, I was looking through the internet for Vile Vortices and accidentally happened to stumble upon an article talking of a 2 Billion year old nuclear reactor.  The second fact is, when I started reading the original article, I wasn’t completely convinced, though I completely believe the fact that history of human civilization goes way back into predated history. But a nuclear reactor 2 billion years old? I couldn’t comprehend it. However I continued to read. As the article unfolded, facts seemed to fit in, and in course of my research I observed that NASA too has a view about this reactor, that is consistent to the essence of the original article. So here we are, in Gabon Republic of Africa – at the worlds oldest reminiscences of what looks like a nuclear reactor for distant antiquity.

The remnants of nuclear reactors nearly two billion years old were found in the 1970s in Africa. This is what NASA has to observe, “The remnants of nuclear reactors nearly two billion years old were found in the 1970s in Africa. These reactors are thought to have occurred naturally. No natural reactors exist today, as the relative density of fissile uranium has now decayed below that needed for a sustainable reaction. Pictured above is Fossil Reactor 15, located in Oklo, Gabon. Uranium oxide remains are visible as the yellowish rock. Oklo by-products are being used today to probe the stability of the fundamental constants over cosmological time and distance scales and to develop more effective means for disposing of human-manufactured nuclear waste”. This could be located at ::

In 1972, a French company imported some uranium ore from Oklo in the Gabon Republic in Africa. Surprisingly the uranium concentration in the ore was as low as spent uranium fuel from a nuclear reactor. The finding led scientists to believe that the uranium had already been used for energy production. This discovery shocked the world and attracted scientists from many countries to go to Oklo for further investigation. The results showed that the uranium mine was an ancient nuclear reactor. The ancient reactor consisted of five hundred tons of utilized uranium ore in six different areas. Its output power was estimated to be approximately one hundred kilowatts. The reactor was perfectly preserved and its layout was very rational. It is estimated that the reactor had been in operation for around 500,000 years. Furthermore, nuclear wastes produced in this reactor had not spread all over the surrounding areas. Instead, they were confined within the separate sections.

The research is on for further facts. But at this moment we can only ask, who made this? Why was it used? Did we have intelligent beings 2 billion years ago, who could not only generate, but also harness the powers of a nuclear reaction. If yes then it ushers us into a plethora of unanswered question, we perhaps have absolutely no idea about. Truth seeking has never been so astonishing for me, this finding has come as a jolt.

Sincere thanks for critical inputs to:


Modern human technologies – unmatched in our long history. Or maybe not. Scientists and scholars have started thinking of late that an equally advanced technology and a civilization capable of harnessing the power of nature may have existed in the past. Evidences of such an existence could be located all over the world. We find tell tale signs of what can be truly called, space age technology. Could it be that out ancestors who are not credited to be nothing more than hunters gatherers, applied technology that could match ours, if not superior, on a world wide scale? Could modern scientific community learn somethings from their ancient fore-bearers? For thousands of years mankind has gazed in awe at the night sky, watching the slow but relentless movement. People witnessed that the movement of the stars precisely matched the ebb and flow of seasons. This gave rise to the calendar and the agriculture. But some objects in the sky did not follow any path, seeming to defy the law that binds all things. These Unidentified Flying Objects or UFOs challenged human understanding provoking a quest that continues to this day.

We all have to agree that UFO reporting are as old as old as man has left any records at all. Even in the ancient cave paintings more than 20,000 years ago, we find evidences of such beings being sighted on the surface of this planet, something that we are yet to find a reason for. So we have to go at least that far to find the first evidences of when UFO sightings were first recorded.

Forever frozen in silence and in stone, these provocative drawings raise questions that are debated to this day. For some these drawings represent Gods or ancestral spirits, but for others, they represent Ancient Spacecrafts, or Ancient Aliens. Texts from worlds earliest civilizations including Sumeria’s, more than 5,000 years ago mention strange aerial phenomena and the beings who controlled them. According to Dr. Richard L Thompson, “there are ancient records where people describe different kinds of flying objects which they have seen, people have described what they understood as strange flying objects piloted by different category of living beings. They have written accounts which describe this in great detail”. The images are provocative and controversial. Stanton Friedman, the author of Top Secret/ Majic observes, “a lot depend upon how you interpret the signs that you see. Whether the painting is just a sketch on the wall or a space helmet, or a diving helmet or a decorative headgear or perhaps the work of a science fiction writer from several thousand years ago. So the further back you go the harder it is to interpret.

Despite increasing public support for the notion that aliens have been visiting earth since the dawn of history, the conventional scientific community is overwhelmingly skeptical about the subject. Primitive man did witness weird events in the sky, something that they interpret as “activities of God” and their life being controlled by wishes of God. However in almost all such instances, there is an alternative, ‘scientific’ explanation to the situation – it might have been a meteor, a lightning, or something that fits into the scientific minds of out civilization. Despite such widespread skepticism on the subject, there has been an equal abundance of what er call evidences of such inexplicable encounters.  Just like the study of conventional History, we can categorize these sightings into chronological order – Ancient, Medieval and Contemporary or Modern.

Ancient Sightings : This encounter is reported from Egypt and happened more than 3,500 years ago. This is a story reported by 3 Egyptian Pharaohs who reported seeing circles of sire in the sky; its started off with 1 and then a few days later there were many of them in the sky. They were so impressed that it was recorded in a Papyrus and the event was considered very momentous. This is how the narration goes, “in the year 22 of the 3rd month of the winter, a circle or fire appeared in the sky. After some days it became more numerous and shone with the brightness of the sun extending  to the very limits of the heavens. Records of Pharaoh Tuthmosis 14 BCE“. Centuries later, the mighty Greek Emperor, Alexander is chronicled to have witnessed UFO. While crossing a river in 329 BC, Alexander and his men observed what is described as gleaming silver shields in the sky. The object repeatedly swooped down on a column of soldiers scattering men and horses in panic. 7 years later, while attacking the Phoenician city of Tyrus in Eastern Mediterranean Alexander is again said to have witnessed UFO. Recorded by observers on both sides of the conflict, “one of the objects suddenly shoots a beam of light at the city wall, which then crumbles into dust, allowing Alexander and his men to easily breach the defenses and take the city“. The passage of centuries leave us with little to confirm whether these events actually took place or were this fragments 0f imagination of fertile and imaginative minds.

Medieval Sightings: Medieval Europe was witness of one such incident in 1463, when a strange ‘slab like’ object was reported in the sky. Surrounded by bright light, it glided eerily above the landscape. One such drawing was made by Herman Chardon, a witness to the event. Another incident was reported by eye witnesses, about a century later on the skies of Nuremberg, Germany. On the morning of April 14, 1561 huge round cylinders was said to have appeared above the city. Smaller circular objects seem to appear form them, engaging in battle with one another. 5 years later a similar incident was reported in the skies of Basil, Switzerland. This time many of the objects attacked one another, were consumed by fire and then vanished without trace. Once again the encounter was documented by a local witness.

Modern/ Contemporary Signtings : By the 19th century, the world seems to be resonating with the idea of Unidentified Flying Objects. Countless theories were proposed as to what they were and where they came from. The subject of UFO is a controversial one where the supporters of either view, are on a ongoing debate. Today we have a large population of people reporting UFO sightings and their reports are consistent in terms of the shape, size and other details. And these descriptions are also consistent with what has been reported since ancient past and thus a notion that people are just ‘seeing’ things, as they have been ‘seeing’ them over the centuries may not be a correct notion after all. For centuries scholars have grappled with the idea of UFO, what they are, where they might have come from and who are their possible occupants. As the 20th Century unfolded, mankind witnessed bizarre events in the sky, and countless number of them. The most important recorded event was perhaps the Roswell incident in New Mexico, USA. UFO sightings virtually have occurred everywhere, from the skies to bustling metropolis to deserted highways, they could be witnessed almost everywhere, and all across the world. The reasons and geneses thereof still lies shrouded in mystery, something that we attempt to throw some light

The Biblical Standpoint to the Ancient Alien Theory : The saga of events that have occurred in the landscape of Middle East, is enshrined in the western world’s most revered book – The Holy Bible. In recent years The Bible has been increasingly touted by some investigators as a description of a series of encounters with Aliens and UFO. But the topic is controversial. Can the sacred nature of the Biblical texts be challenged? According to Dr. Thomas R. McDonough, S.E.T.I Coordinator, Planetary Society, “the decline of religion in the recent years as witnessed by several people across the world, people are now looking for an alternative answer. An answer that is more scientific. So instead of believing in a supernatural intervention that seems to have certainly happened in the past, the world is now coming to terms with the notion that advanced civilizations might have visited the our planet in the pas. And this notion quite fits the narration of events as we have witnessed in many ancient religious and sacred texts”. The search for ET visitations and evidences thereof, takes us to the earlier chapters of the Holy Bible – to the Book of Genesis. Genesis describes the conditions in the world at the dawn of time. “There were giants on earth in those days, and also after that.  When the sons of Gods came to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them” – Genesis 6:4. Who were the Giants and the Sons of Gods mentioned in the text? While most of the English based Bible uses the word Giants, the Original Hebrew word for Nephilim (נפלים). The word Nephilim simply translates to “those who came down”, in English; meaning those who came down from the sky. And this translation has an uncanny similarity with the word Annunaki – which when translated from Sumerian to English, means “those who from the heavens came”. So they might not be physical giants, they could well be heroes with extraordinary powers who came form the heavens and formed a hybrid race with the earth population. A similar translation could also be located in Egypt and Ancient Sumeria where descriptions of Annunaki and other ‘Lord of the skies’ are found, and they are said to have created a hybrid population through sexual reproduction and gene mutation.

The Bible also contains other UFO references, or the ones that could be interpret as such, and ones that were very well chronicled. One of the best example of a classic UFO story is the story of Moses. 3,500 years ago an epic period in Biblical history begins, when Israelite slaves are finally released from bondage in Egypt. Under leadership of Moses, they began their 40 year long trek through the wilderness, a route to the promised land. But according tot he Bible something very strange guides them them through the barren desert. “The roar went before them, by the day, in a pillar of cloud to lead the way and by night in a pillar of fire to give them light – Exodus 14:21”. Some believe that the Biblical description contains a different dimension as opposed to the one long cherished by Christians and Jews. The pillar of smoke and fire that Moses followed through the wilderness is interpret to be a cigar shaped UFO – so sort of advanced form of life that guided these men through.

Some of the most intriguing Biblical description surround Mount Sinai and the handing down of the Ten Commandments. “Mount Sinai was covered in smoke because the Lord descended upon it in fire and the smoke ascended like a smoke in a furnace and the whole mountain quaked loudly and when the voice of the trumpets sounded and waxed louder, Moses spake and God answered” – Exodus 19:80. When Moses returns with the Ten Commandments after his encounter with God on Mount Sinai, his skin mysteriously shines with an unearthly glow, his hair had turned snow white. Many in both scientific and theologian community now translate this to be an exposure to radiation. The episode of Moses thus goes down as a classic example of ET encounter at the dawn of civilization.

However this idea of a possible alien intervention has been fiercely challenged by the scientific community and also by mainstream archeologists and historians. According to Dr. Richard L. Thompson, “We are dealing with interpretation of an issue that has a potential of being highly controversial, after all if your hypothesis says Jesus was an ET, then it changes the meaning of religion in a very fundamental way”. Dr. Thomas R. McDonough observes, “if a hypothesis happens to be so radical in nature, then it might as well be backed up be very strong evidences/ proofs. Else the mainstream society that has been thriving on a fully formed belief system for last few thousand years, would say, you are just gullible”. Apart from the book of Exodus, another place where we witness events that could be interpret as ET encounters, is “2nd Book of Kings”. Here we have narrations about Prophet Elisha (Hebrew אֱלִישַׁע)who lived 900 years before the time of Jesus. While Elisha was crossing river Jordan with his son Elisha, strange airborne craft appears. “And suddenly a chariot of fire appeared driven by the horses of fire, and Elisha saw his father going to heaven and cried, but he saw his father no more2nd Kings 2:11“. According to Dr. Thomas R. McDonough, “In most of the ancient cultures you have narrations and evidences of flying chariots or strange vehicles that are capable of flying through the air, and are driven by their own power. Modern day equivalent to these strange airborne vehicles would be UFO. This description of Elisha, for instance, is consistent with what we call Alien Abduction in modern day parlance.

Barely three centuries after the incident of Elisha, another strange incident occurs. This time it concerns the Hebrew prophet Ezekiel.  He is said to have encountered ET and UFO in 4 separate occasions. In one he clearly describes, a mechanical devices under the control of human like figures. “I saw 4 wheels, 1 wheel beside each cherub. In appearance they were like sparkling topaz and all 4 of them were alike. Wheel within a wheel, they moved in all 4 directions never swerving from their course” – Ezekiel 10:8. Based upon description provided by Ezekiel, NASA Scientist Joseph Blumrich constructed a model.Is this what Ezekiel saw?

The Near Eastern Accounts: Despite the ambiguity of the Biblical accounts, other accounts from pre-history have intensified the debate. Some could be interpret to suggest that ET encounters have influenced pivotal events human history. Artifacts discovered throughout Near East, speak of a time when Humanity’s ancestors came from the heavens. Hundred of clay tablets depict human like figures with ‘wings’, denoting something to do with the sky and always conspicuous – the stars. The Sumerians and Babylonians strongly believe that their civilization was given to them be beings who came down from the heaven. According to conventional scientific standpoint, “there are intriguing stories,  but none of these could be considered as conclusive”. However mainstream scientific community cannot really provide a logically conclusive answer to how, human ingenuity and engineering started fro stone age and almost overnight burst forth onto the landscape of history – creating structures and monuments that are unmatched in precision and design even to this date.

Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza have always been en enigma to the scientific community as well as to the historians. Their correct age, is debatable. According to Graham Hancock, “the Great Pyramid of Egypt stands more than 450 ft tall, it weighs more than 6,000,000 tones, and it has a foot print in excess of 13 acres. Its perfectly aligned to true North, South, East and West. To achieve that precision of alignment with a monument of this scale is an extraordinary technological feat, and one that is continuously overlooked by our scholars today. Suddenly out of nowhere this monument – an achievement of technology and engineering appears in the deserts of Egypt. This is a mystery and one that is totally unexplained by conventional history. My sense says that we are missing a huge part of the human story – maybe its possible that we are a species with amnesia, and we have forgotten a large part of our own history going back to thousands of years at the beginning of so called history and if we perhaps could go back to that dark epoch we would find many astounding facts about ourselves”. Egypt is not the only place that asks us to go figure how these monuments were built. Such intriguing sites could be located all over the world.

So what after all is the genesis of human civilization? Where have we come from? Have we really forgotten a very significant part of our history, as Graham Hancock points out? The geneses of all the religions speak about Gods, Heroes and Angels who descend from the skies, and are attributed with powers unknown to mankind prior to that. And these powerful human like creatures are regarded as Gods. These Gods also bear children with the daughters of men. This is narrated in the Bible, Hebrew texts, the Annunaki accounts from Sumeria and Babylonia. All across the world we are encountered, time and again, with megalithic structures the precision and magnitude of which remain unmatched even to this day. How did primitive man create these monuments? How was he able to haul the raw material used for making such monuments? And the technology? Where did that come from? Questions… But no answers. We still continue out existence, in this world, wake up every morning under a sanitized view that we are all alone in the universe, and that the human history began as we have been taught in schools. However there are questions that remain unanswered to this date and ones that perhaps cannot be accounted for, satisfactorily, with the conventional and mainstream way of thinking that is contaminated with short sightedness. PLEASE THINK AGAIN.

On July 24, 1911, explorer Hiram Bingham was led by Peruvian guides to the mountaintop citadel of Machu Picchu—a discovery that brought this extraordinary Inca site to the attention of the world. “It fairly took my breath away,” Bingham said of the magnificent ruins set amid soaring Andean peaks. The following year, the National Geographic Society provided Bingham with a grant to excavate the site, and our connection to this ancient wonder has continued ever since.

But there is more to Machu Picchu – from the Ancient Alien Theory standpoint. A feat of engineering, this site seems to have been created by being of higher intelligence. While human ingenuity cannot be entirely ruled out, but we witness definite evidences of knowledge transfer, without which a construction of such magnitude and precision would not have been made possible, only by primitive/ medieval man. The saga of Machu Picchu shall be looked into, in a separate entry of this blog, this being just a ‘centenary’ entry – a tribute.