A few years ago I remember watching a feature length film called the Greatest flaws of Hollywood. And if I recall correctly, most of those flaws were chronological in nature. In other words, what was caught on camera, was not supposed to be existent at a time, the movie was based upon. For instance a red Ferrari was captured while the great chariot race of Ben Hur was being filmed, a civil aviation jetliner was seen flying over Achilles’ head and so forth. It somehow indicates that human mind is conditioned to acceptance of events based upon time frame relevance of their existence. Ben Hur never drove a Ferrari and Troy never boasted of the largest airport in the world. This is called anachronism – a figure of speech that’s used to describe something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred. You are about to witness one such anachronism. However, this is true.
While epic sagas have been sung in the honor of the Great Pyramids since time immemorial, we witness oblivious megalithic structures strewn in every corner of the world that deserve the same respect as the Pyramids if not more. Ancient sites of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku located in the highlands of Bolivia are such places. According to a certain estimation, the city of Tiahuanaco is over 17,000 years old, thereby making it the oldest existing evidence of city life. In the words of Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, of Legendary Times, “while the Pyramids are a great achievement of technology, in front of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku the Great Pyramid is a child’s play. Logic doesn’t seem to exist here. Because what you see in Puma Punku is so precise, so inexplicable, so unachievable, that the question remains, how were these moments made and for what purposes”.
Like any other ancient megalithic structures, Tiahuanaco too shows strong evidence of precise celestial alignment. Its observed that the walls of Tiahuanaco was mounted with ‘Solstice Markers’, and these markers were points precisely over which, the sun used to rise on the days of Summer and Winter solstices. However mainstream archeologists differ in their opinion. They say that the construction of Tiahuanaco is marked with an error and that the sun does not rise over the solstice markers as suggested by the ancient alien theorists. These are simple observable errors of construction, related to the date of construction of the site. Eminent historian Robert Buval says that this disorientation with respect to the cardinal points is caused by the angle of earth’s angle of inclination. This was the argument used for the calculation of the age of the site. The diagram below gives a rough idea of how the angle of sunrise has changed over the years in reference to the solstice markers.
And as already stated, this change could be attributed to the change in the angle of the earth’s rotation. Although totally disregarded by the mainstream archeologists and historians, the angle of the earth’s rotation about 17000 years ago was such that the solstice markers at Tiahuanaco was exactly aligned to the sunrise during the solstices.
The construction and the precision thereof, at Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco are indeed thought provoking. Firstly the construction site lies about 4000 meters above sea level, where there are no vegetation or plantation, which could be used as rollers to quarry those enormous blocks of stones used for its construction. So far no convincing answer has been found as to how those massive stone blocks weighing 100-200 tonnes were transported to the construction site. You cannot help but ask the ever mysterious question, that of basic project equation. How many people were needed to construct what we see? How did they survive at that great height? This is another perplexing dilemma suggested by Graham Hancock. He says, “the site is at 4000 meters above the sea level, the weather there is so dry and cold that vegetation comes out of the soil stunted. Yet we are asked to believe the fact that Tiahuanaco was created by labor forces, who pulled massive blocks of stone on wooden rollers to a height of 4000 meters, to create a monument of such magnitude, for their Gods”. This is truly unbelievable feat of human ingenuity, then. Mainstream archeologists and historians have a consensus on the fact that Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku were created by Aymara Indians. Also they agree to the fact that Aymara Indians has no script. That they could not write. Any person who has seen Tiahuanaco live or remotely, would agree to the fact that to create something of that magnitude and precision would require meticulous planning and at least a very basic idea of mathematics, engineering, physics and geology. However for a clan that never had a script, any of these knowledge is too far fetched. Furthermore, as we delve deeper into the details of construction at these two sites we are faced with further perplexing questions. For instance the material used in Puma Punku is either granite or diorite. And the only stone harder than diorite is diamond. So its virtually impossible to cut these stones to shape unless the ancient engineers has tools tipped with diamond. Of-course they could have employed laser or ultrasonic technologies for this purpose, and any evidences of that, if found, would not be surprising.
The engineers of Puma Punku employed a very ingenuous method of holding those massive stone blocks together. They used to create an indent into the stone on surfaces facing each other. In this indent they poursed a liquid metal, which when hardened used to form a permanent metal clamp. And one that showed no signs of rusting even after thousands of years. This technique of holding blocks of stone together is also evident in Egypt, at the Great Pyramids. Would that mean these two civilizations used to “exchange notes”, or were they influenced by similar teachers, who traveled across the globe between civilizations. But who in such distant antiquity used to travel across the globe? What were their modes of travel? The “clamp technique” raises a very important question. The question of applied technology and deployment. To create these clamps the construction workers at Puma Punku had to deploy a furnace of portable nature to pour the molten liquid metal into the grooves. Any delay could solidify the metal beating the purpose of melting it. Therefore, evidently, the constructors of Puma Punku, not only were well versed with the science of metal melting, but also, they were could create a portable furnace equivalent device, to achieve the technique of clamping. In Puma Punku, we are faced with some more questions of construction precision. We see stone pillars with meticulously carved grooves in them. The precision and accuracy with which these grooves have been created evidently demonstrate signs of tooling and machining.
Each of the pillars shown above are marked with grooves. All the grooves are of the same width from start to the end, all of them are of the same depth along the length. These grooves are further marked with circular holes, which are placed at similar intervals, have the same depth and diameter. Also they bear a smooth finish along the walls. And we are told that primitive mad did his without any tools thousands of years ago. Well, I don’t think that is the case. For people who could achieve the “clamp technique”, is machining and usage of applied technology of high order, too far fetched? There have been efforts to reconstruct Puma Punku, because its evident from the ruins, that the site was deliberately destroyed. According to Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, “it looks as if its has been ripped apart by some enormous force”. However the precision and intricacy of its construction makes it virtually impossible to reconstruct Puma Punku. Some plans that were drawn , gives us an idea of the quality of engineering deployed for its creation.
While we stay perplexed and wage the ever ending battle of man vs aliens, fact remains that no convincing answer has so far been provided for those innumerable perplexing questions that Puma Punku leaves with us. We are left in the lurch, guessing and further guessing in the never ending darkness.
- Who built Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku?
- Why was this built?
- Where did the ancient man acquire his knowledge from?
- The secret of the celestial alignment.
- What is behind the precision of engineering that’s evident at the site?
- Were tools and machines used?
- How was the huge labor force mainstream scholarship talks about, fed and maintained at such high altitudes?
- Why was it created at such remotely accessible area?
- Is there something more to the Egyptian similarity?
- Why was it destroyed?