On July 24, 1911, explorer Hiram Bingham was led by Peruvian guides to the mountaintop citadel of Machu Picchu—a discovery that brought this extraordinary Inca site to the attention of the world. “It fairly took my breath away,” Bingham said of the magnificent ruins set amid soaring Andean peaks. The following year, the National Geographic Society provided Bingham with a grant to excavate the site, and our connection to this ancient wonder has continued ever since.

But there is more to Machu Picchu – from the Ancient Alien Theory standpoint. A feat of engineering, this site seems to have been created by being of higher intelligence. While human ingenuity cannot be entirely ruled out, but we witness definite evidences of knowledge transfer, without which a construction of such magnitude and precision would not have been made possible, only by primitive/ medieval man. The saga of Machu Picchu shall be looked into, in a separate entry of this blog, this being just a ‘centenary’ entry – a tribute.

Easter Island is a Polynesian island in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, at the southeasternmost point of the Polynesian triangle. A special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888, Easter Island is famous for its 887 extant monumental statues, called moai, created by the early Rapanui people. The natives of the Easter Islands still call their island Mata Kita Rani, which in old Greek language means “eyes that look up to heavens”. The neighboring atoll is called the Island of the Bird People. Here we see them engraved on ancient stones – creatures with human bodies and heads of birds. Are they really bird heads, or do they just seem so, to the natives? They could also be helmets equipped with breathing apparatus. Legend has it that in prehistoric times some people descended to the island amidst fire. The god of the Island is Nake Naki.

Today about 2000 people live in the island. However there were more than 4000 people at one time; all scholars agree upon that. This being established a tango of vexing question arises. Of the total population 70% are women, children and elderly. Majority of able bodied men are required for the production of food. Thus the number of workmen are so small, that it would have been impossible for them to create more then 600 gigantic stone figures found everywhere on the island. These figures are called MOAI.

The stone is so hard that repeated hammering with steel chisel hardly scratches it. Many of these stand 65 feet high and weigh nearly 400 tones. Most of the sculptures are partly exposed, and a dedicated excavation work will reveal their true size. The figures are all the same unusual type of humans with haughty expression in their faces, as if passed from the same mould. However there is one exception here. There is one statue that has a round head and is kneeling. Is this to denote a human kneeling before the Gods, with the symbolism of the Gods everywhere on the island?

The statues that were carved out were also carried out to distances of over 12 miles. There were no army of slaves for labourers, no wood for rollers, and there are no evidences of these being dragged across the island terrain. Yet these colossal statues are scattered all across the island. The legend of Easter Islands says that the stone statues moved by themselves with the help of Mana – a mysterious priest which only two priests could invoke. And then one day the priests disappeared with the Mana. Was this the day when their work got over at the quarry of Rano Raraku? Or is that the reason why there is an army of unfinished statues. What was the Mana? Did the visitors to the Easter Islands possess electromagnetic powers? Did they have the ability to defy the laws of gravity? Even today Easter Islands exert unusually strong magnetism. And is one of the points of the Earth’s vile vortices.

Among the ancient alien sites, one that is hardly mentioned in any discussion, forum, blog or research work – and one that deserves way more study and introspection is the Island City of Nan Madol. Nan Madol is a ruined city that lies off the eastern shore of the island of Pohnpei that was the capital of the Saudeleur dynasty until about AD 1500. The name Nan Madol means “spaces between” and is a reference to the canals that crisscross the ruins. The city consists of a series of small artificial islands linked by a network of canals. The site core with its stone walls encloses an area approximately 1.5 km long by 0.5 km wide and it contains nearly 100 artificial islets—stone and coral fill platforms—bordered by tidal canals. But this is not why Nan Madol catches  fancy of Ancient Alien Theorists.

Let us have a closer look at the Island city. Its location is so remote that until recently, it was considered to be one of the difficult places to reach to. Today Nan Madol is not what it used to be, a major part of this ancient island city has been b nature, weathering and jungle. So whats available for a study is a very small part of what once used to be an ancient hi-tech city, termed in our parlance as ‘Venice of the Pacific’. The currently accessible area is marked in “Purple rectangle” in the map. Everything else has been destroyed over time.

At Nan Madol it seems as though the city was designed to be an enigma. Its remotely located, very far away from any major civilization that might have existed even in antiquity. Or there might have been one that we are yet not aware of. I am personally of the opinion that Nan Madol was created at a time when the sea levels were much lower that present day and what we see ad submerged tunnel system at Nan Madol, could well have been accessible when it was created.

The structure seems to have been transplanted from another world. Wide stretches of the foundation walls are still visible. Over 400,000 basalt pillars were piled over top of each other at 80 separate structures. Many of them were over 30 feet high. Individual beams over 40 feet wide, and weighing over 10 tones were used to create the structure. Who built this structure here and why? How many laborers were used to create this? And where did they all live. Logically, they couldn’t have been accommodated in this little island. How did the creators of Nan Madol transport these basalt beams? Too many questions, but no convincing answers.

When the natives are asked, the say nothing. However their legend tells us of an alien God with a fire spitting dragon just needed to say a magic spell and the basalt beams came flying across the seas form their distant quarry landing in a neat pile. What is this unexplained mystery? Because the raw material used for the construction of Nan Madol doesn’t occur locally anywhere on this island where Nan Madol is located. How was it possible for primitive men along to have accomplished these things? We all know that dragons never existed, but the native legend talks of something breathing fire. Could it have been some kind of a aircraft or a rocket propelled vehicle? These questions remain unanswered, and while mainstream scientists have ridiculed any such probability, they have not been able to answer any of these questions logically.

We might rule out an alien intervention towards construction of this site. However a few question remain unanswered, that causes us to think, and think openly and alternatively. Why Nan Madol, this being such a remote corner of the world, and perhaps had been inaccessible at one time? Was it designed at a place so that it’s not easily accessible? Was some activity carried out there that the designers of Nan Madol did not want our ancestors to know? Was it some kind of a testing ground or a research facility? How was the material quarried to the construction site? What technology was used to finally construct the walls? One thing is sure that a part of the local legend is accurate in its description, of “the Basalt pillars landing from the skies in neat piles”. They still look as if placed in a neat pile without used of mortar or any other technology that might have been used in other megalithic sites across the world. Nan Madol in these aspects is surely different and deserves to be studied in way more depth that what has been done so far.

Wikipedia says, “The Nazca Lines are a series of ancient geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert in southern Peru. They were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994. The high, arid plateau stretches more than 80 kilometres (50 mi) between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana about 400 km south of Lima. Although some local geoglyphs resemble Paracas motifs, scholars believe the Nazca Lines were created by the Nazca culture between 400 and 650 CE. The hundreds of individual figures range in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks, orcas, llamas, and lizards.

The lines are shallow designs made in the ground by removing the ubiquitous reddish pebbles and uncovering the whitish ground beneath. Hundreds are simple lines or geometric shapes; more than seventy are designs of animal, bird, fish or human figures. The largest figures are over 200 metres (660 ft) across. Scholars differ in interpreting the purpose of the designs, but they generally ascribe religious significance to them.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazca_Lines

The mainstream scientific community have a consensus about a few points on Nazca:

  1. The site is ancient
  2. Its located at an arid highland
  3. The designs are complex and vast
  4. The landscape stretches over 50 Miles
  5. A huge effort has been put to create the lines at Nazca
  6. Some of them also make geometric sense

However, the mainstream scholarship has not been able to convincingly answer quite a few questions about the Nazca Lines as well. Who created this? Why was it created? How did ancient man manage the magnitude of the drawings? Because all of the Nazca figurines start taking form when looked at, from a height. So without an aerial form of supervision, its virtually impossible to create something of that magnitude. Also what purpose did these lines serve when they were made? The answers provided by mainstream scholarship is somewhat a sanitized view based upon speculations. The Nazca lines could have had a religious significance, however a different purpose, that they could have served, cannot be completely ruled out.

If the Alien GODS from outer space did visit our planet in antiquity, how would our ancestors have communicated with them? And wouldn’t there be physical evidences of the time they spent here? Perhaps a few such evidences could be located in the Nazca Desert of Peru. There over a 50 kilometer stretch, countless geometric lines and figures decorate the landscape. When you take an Arial view of the landscape you see a few lines. And these lines do look like ‘air strips’, they start and end very systematically and stretch over very long distances ending into a so called ‘Air Strip’. The longest of them is over 23 kilometer long, and contains not a single curve – that’s unbelievable.

And among these lines you find drawing of various animals such as spiders, monkeys, fishes, hummingbird and apes and so on. The magnitudes of these drawings are so enormous that they do not make any sense on the ground and are only visible from the air. There are conflicting views and theories about these lines varying from irrigation ditches, astronomical calendars or pathways used for religious purposes.

Someone has created these, thousands of years ago, with precision that we cannot match even today. However we are still not clear how, why and for whom these lines were made. The most surprising feature of the Nazca desert according to me is that fact that the table land over which the ‘Air Strip’ like likes are created, seem to be artificially flattened. You look at the hills around you, they have their summits, but here, the summit is missing, it’s gone. And there is no trace of the rubble; it’s not there in the valley below or anywhere in the vicinity. Now that demands an explanation. Furthermore, we are yet not clear about why man would invest so much of time and energy into creating something of this magnitude and precision.

Another intriguing question is, why Nazca? It has been geologically proven that Nazca is one place on earth that is abundant in minerals and ores that constitute our planet. Once there, you could make a precise assessment of what this planet could consist of.

However the mainstream archeologists as always, have vastly differed from this alternative view, and have maintained that Nazca is a work of artistic self expression of man, and that the “artworks” have nothing to do with someone capable of flight. However the artistic self expression hypothesis doesn’t hold much ground, because standing on the surface of earth these figures make no sense. They are so vast, that it could have only been “properly visible” and appreciated by someone from a great height. Since there are no higher mountain peaks in the vicinity, the “great height” could only have been achieved through flight. And who could be flying at those times, other than Extraterrestrials? I hope someday, mainstream archeology would accept this– and not the sterilized view of the world as they continue to provide today.

Ancient monuments deep under water, a once thriving metropolis now half a mile under the sea. There are such evidences of these sunken cities all over the world. According to David Childress, “there are more then 200 sunken cities in Mediterranean, alone”. Graham Hancock says, “we are looking at evidences of cities that have been submerged at a time when, mainstream archeologists tell us, there were no cities anywhere in the world”. Are underwater monuments evidences of mankind’s earliest civilization, or are these evidences of skills, far beyond that of primitive man. And if so, then where did it come from. Genesis of all religions have a consensus on the fact that someone landed from the skies and knowledge suddenly spread.

Covering more than 71% of the plant, earth’s oceans are vast and largely unexplored. For a large part of the recorded history, man had only been able to guess what lied under the vast oceanic surfaces. Until fairly recently when new technology helped them explore it further, in true sense of the word. What they found has been unexpected. Underwater complexes, compounds and sophisticated monuments that defy conventional historical records. Scientific theories suggest, during the earth’s last ice age the ocean levels were much lower, than they are today. Hancock says, “there were a two mile deep icecaps accumulated on Northern Europe and North America. And this would mean enormous quantities of water. This water started melting about twenty one thousand years ago and continued melting till about ten thousand years ago. As a result ten million square miles of land was flooded across the world. That would mean a land mass about the size of Europe and China put together, just disappeared. And not much of archeological effort has been put to investigate these lost land masses”.

The scientific communities across the world have joined hands in search of the Lost City of Atlantis. Its often said that more books have been written on ‘Atlantis’ than on any other subject. The genesis pf the thought in modern parlance comes from Plato, who wrote two books on Atlantis. In 360 BC, Plato described Atlantis as a highly advanced city,  that flourished nine thousand years before his time. According to Greek texts, Atlantis was a urban civilization and was by a God called Poseidon. It is also said to have extraterrestrial connections. According to Plato, Atlantis faced a cataclysmic end, while there are other scholars who believe that Atlantis and its citizens, destroyed themselves.

According to Plato, the city of Atlantis was located in front of the pillar of Hercules where modern day Gibraltar is, and further from there across the Atlantic Ocean lies the island island chain of  Bahamas – in the South Eat of modern day Florida. Here in 1968, J. Manson Valentine, claimed to have found remains of the Atlantis when he discovered an unusual rock formation off the coast of North Bimini Islands. Its only about 12 – 18 feet under water and you can see it easily. At the first glance the scientists thought it was beach rock. And then upon careful examination it was found that beach rock was placed upon another layer of beach rock and there were balancing stones in between. And this could not be attributed to nature, nature do not do that, man does. And before long it was realized that this was a reminiscence of an ancient harbor. From the shallow edges of Bimini all the way to the Gulf Stream, under 300 feet of water, lies many fascinating complexes that look like remains of ancient city structures. There are roads, pathways and other similar structures covered in Coral. Could the Bimini structures be the reminiscences of Atlantis, and if so, could these lead to other structures buried under sand and water?

In the year 2000, while mapping the sea floor off the western coast of Cuba, a research expedition team led by Russian-Canadian oceanographer Paulina Zelitsky, found symmetrical stone structure below the water. And remarkably they were half a mile down. The expedition was armed with SONAR equipment, used to create images of large areas of the sea floor and underwater objects. What they found coming up on the SONAR screen was a large area of stones placed one on top of another. They also located stone structures in pyramid shape and others more circular. In total 30 geometric structures emerged, appearing to be remains of streets, buildings, tunnels and pyramids. All at a depth of 2200 feet below the surface of water. Using dating techniques based on the presence of a nearby volcanic ash, geologists estimated that this city sank almost 6000 years ago. Could this be a part of the Ancient City of Atlantis, Plato talked about? Atlantis as such is integral to the Cuba and the Island chain of the Bahamas. What Plato could have meant, was a group of islands of various shapes and sizes. And this is very close to the Bermuda Triangle, and known for geomagnetic anomalies, UFO sightings and unexplained disappearances of ships and aircraft. Could there be a link between Bermuda Triangle and Atlantis? According to Bill Birnes, “on the edge of the Bermuda Triangle, there are ancient ruins under water that’s supposed to have been reminiscences of the prehistoric city of Atlantis. So yes, there is a theory that Atlantis lies not near Greece, but in the Bermuda Triangle”. If Plato’s texts were true then other Greek myths may provide a hint to the fate of the city of Atlantis. Plato, talks about the city of Atlantis disappearing overnight, amidst a lot of fire and smoke. Some ancient alien theorists such as Giorgio A. Tsoukalos feel that, “Atlantis was not a stationary island, and that Atlantis didn’t actually sink into the sea, on the contrary, it lifted off”. Like a very big space craft. This brings another question, was Atlantis a safe haven for aliens immediately after the last ice age?

Yonaguni, Japan;  this Island lies in the western most tip of the Japanese Archipelago. Scholars believe that the earliest inhabitants of this island migrated from South East Asia, during the prehistoric times. In 1987, in the nearby waters, diver Kitchino R Taki made a shocking discovery. A massive complex of giant stone structures lay hidden 60 feet below the ocean surface. Experts call it the biggest discovery in the history of underwater archeology. According to Graham Hancock, “whats intriguing about the underwater complex of Yanaguni is that a whole range of monuments lie side by aide, and this to me looks like the work of man, and definitely not a random action of the Oceans on differential layers of stone”.Submerged beneath 60-100 feet of water the largest of the structures resemble a massive 5 layered stepped pyramid, the size of approximately 2 football fields. According to David Wilcock, another eminent author, film maker and an ancient alien theorist of prominence, “you see unambiguous carvings that are geometric in nature, channels and pathways that are perfect;y rectangular in shape and stairways at the end that cannot be created by nature”. Graham Hancock says, “there are places where you find megaliths that are piled one on top of another, that create a tunnel through which you can swim. There is a gigantic human face carved under water, almost 23 feet tall. At first glace it resembles the MOAI of the Easter Islands, and then we realized that it strongly resembles the Sphinx, that guarded the pyramids. And we wondered if it served the same purpose here. Its all these factors that convince me that we are looking at a ceremonial complex. The mystery however surrounding the structure is when did it actually go under water. The geological evidence shows that it was submerged during the meltdown of the last ice age”.

This symmetrical design of a human face 4 meters tall and 6 meters underwater and wearing a decorative head-dress is carved deep into the natural stone and faces due south as a sentinel for a platform known as the stone stage This is but one peak of a much larger – and definitely man-made structure – the architecture remarkably reminiscent of Sacsayhuaman and Qenko in Peru – but on the other side of the Pacific – just 75 miles (125 km) east of Taiwan. The structure is 120 meters long – 40 meters wide and 20-25 meters tall and the base is 30 meters underwater. The many level and right-angled terraces give a first impression of an ancient port – with smaller steps for people to climb – and larger recesses for boats to dock – and there are many features aligned to – the four cardinal directions of NSEW – The site has been roughly dated as being 3,000 to 10,000 years old as the most recent the structure’s foundation was above sea level was at the end of the last Ice Age around 8000 BC. Back then, the island was connected to the Asian mainland via a land bridge – along with Taiwan, Ryukyu and Japan – and, due to Earth’s cycle of precession – the site was geographically located – right where the east coast of Asia – intersected with the Tropic of Cancer and thus, was astronomically aligned – with the northern Summer Solstice.


All around the world, whether its France, Japan or India, we find evidences of man-made structure that lie under water. According to Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, “two ways how our ancestors could have done this. One, they had scuba gear. Which I don’t think is true, or this stuff was created when the ocean levels were much lower. And that was over 14000 years ago. And 14000 years ago, we were just dwelling in caves, as hunter gatherers”. Could the Yonaguni structure have been created by ancient people? What evidence do we have of the people, the native inhabitants of these islands? Graham Hancock feels, “its not the question whether the stone was shaped by these people, its question of the vision, the ability to think in those terms. The very magnitude of the structure. And we know of no stone age civilization capable of creating such a gigantic ceremonial complexes”.  If according to the mainstream scholars, the ancient Japanese could not have created such a structure, then who did? And how did it get there? Bill Birnes says, “speculations are that aliens have created the Yonaguni monument, because the engineering involved in creating it is simply beyond the capacity of ancient civilizations”.

Ancient alien theorists also believe that the key to the Yonaguni monument could be found in its global positioning. Strangely the complex lies in the area of long suspected of extraterrestrial activity. Its called the Dragons Triangle. This area is very similar to the Bermuda Triangle, because you have ships and planes disappearing. In fact Japan has declared this as a disaster area. In Japan there are legends of winged monsters breathing fire that have rised out of the sea, at an area where the Yonaguni monument was located under water. When we compare the description of these flying objects, to the description Columbus gave of a strange object rising our of the water surface and disappearing into the night sky near the Bermuda Triangle, we find uncanny similarities. Is it just a coincidence that the Earth’s 25th parallel north (25° N Equator) cuts through both the Bermuda and the Devil’s Triangle? Also the fact that both of these places demonstrate similar geomagnetic phenomena where compasses register a malfunction and navigation systems go defunct. Could there be a real strange UFO connection? What if the Sunken monuments near Yonaguni and Cuba have real alien origins? However Yonaguni is not the only evidence of an ancient alien visitation that we witness in and around Japan. The Dogu Figure for instance, if looked carefully, resembles a face with some kind a ‘goggles’ on. Its wearing a suit and a helmet. On the rear we notice very neatly sculpted designs that look like ‘buckles and straps’, quite similar to modern day space suit. This certainly points towards a possibility of an alien visit in antiquity. There are 15000 documented Dogu Figures found in ancient Japan, that were supposed to have been created between 14000 BC to 300 BC. The translations from the ancient texts and scriptures tell us that, “Dogu descended from the skies and taught the ancient Japanese in various disciplines”. According to Eric Von Daniken there is a link, “the Japanese call them Dogu, and then in Arizona we have the Hopi Indian Tribe, and they even today make the Kachina Dolls. Further in the Saharan Desert, we have witnessed the cave paintings that definitely look like an astronaut in a space suit. When we compare the cave paintings to the Kachina of the Hopi tribal and Dogu in Japan, they look collinear”.  There seems to be a definite link.

Perhaps some more answers could be found off the coast of Gujarat, India. In 2001, researchers from India’s oceanic institute detected anomalies off the Gulf of Khambat, 7 miles from shore. They had been commissioned by the Indian government to do a study of pollution in the Gulf of Khambat. They didn’t expect much but a mess to be detected in their SONAR. However, it suddenly started returning features of regular structures. It looked like an enormous network of buildings now shrouded in mud and sand, covering an area of 5 sq miles. What did appear was a regular city and it seemed that this city had remained submerged for a very long time. At a time when mainstream archeologists tell us that there were no cities anywhere in the world. Scientists retrieved a lot of artifacts from the site including woodwork and pottery. Some of these artifacts dates back as long as 32000 years. The city however according to geological evidences was submerged about 9000 years ago. Mainstream historians are of that the fact that Indian civilization goes back only to 4000 – 5000 years. 200 miles to the north west from this site lies the modern city of Dwarka. Scientists found clues that a part of this city might have been submerged under the sea, and therefore they extended their search off the coast. And under only 70 feet of water, dives discovered sandstone walls, reminiscences of cobblestone streets and an evidence of a pr0osperous sea port. Scholars declared this to be the remains of the Ancient and Legendary City of Dwarka. According to ancient Hindu texts the City of Dwarka was the dwelling place of Lord Krishna, a god still worshiped in most parts of modern India. Imagine the stir created in the Christian world if they discovered the actual Holy Grail and the Arc of the Covenant, the discovery of Dwarka is considered akin to such an incident in Hinduism. Scriptures say that a King names Shalva attacked Krishna in the mythical city of Dwarka. Ancient Alien theorists believe that the description of the battle resembles the description of Alien technology and even the usage of spacecraft. Weapons used in this battle have been described as arrows, but they are not ordinary arrows. They sounded like thunderstorm when launched and has the glow of the bright sun. As a defensive measure, Shalva started maneuvering his spacecraft, and the description of these movements are exactly similar to the modern day UFO movements being reported. The legend also says that Krishna finally departed Earth, and the sea consumed his city of Dwarka.  With the discovery of the city of Dwarka, what was once considered to be mythology in modern India, is now seriously being considered as actual historical records. A link between aliens and the submerged ruins of ancient cities could also be located in India’s Sangam literature.  This talks about an assembly of sages thousands of years ago, at a place called Kumari Kandam, a land mas that’s now submerged under water. These assemblies served as meeting points between sages and extraterrestrials. Are these ancient Indian texts proof of alien contacts in Earth’s past? Are the descriptions of Gods are actually descriptions of extraterrestrials?

Another discovery, beneath a lake at Andes Mountains, Peru, could throw some light. At an elevation of 12000 feet, lies the dark waters of the Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable body of water in the world. In August 200, an Italian team of doctors, divers and archeologists launched an underwater investigation of the legendary lake. Sunk below 100 feet of water the team uncovered traces of a paved road, a stone terrace and a wall nearly half a mile long. For centuries the locals have spoken of a lost underwater City of Wanaku. Could this discovery prove that such a city did actually exist? Them came a shocking discovery. Lying on the lake bed was a giant figurine of a human head, that upon comparison looked identical to the stone works in found in the nearby city of Tiahuanaco, just 12 miles south of Lake Titicaca, a city long thought by ancient alien theorists to have extraterrestrial origins. If the ruins found under the waters of Lake Titicaca, from the Legendary city of Wanaku, whet happened to it? Did it fall prey to a natural disaster, like an earthquake, or was this city deliberately flooded? If you ask the Aymara Indians about how it all happened, they tell you that it all happened before the beginning of time. And this doesn’t mean recorded history only. Because the Aymara believe that the humanity as we witness today is not the first of its kind. And the lake has been a source of genesis to all the previous humanities that modern mainstream scholarship doesn’t approve of.  The narration goes to the the Legend of Space Brothers, who came from outer space, taught our forefathers science and arts, and left for the heavens one day, with a promise to return soon.

Could the ancient underwater cities have been built to serve as bases for ancient aliens? Could these hold the answers that mankind have been seeking for centuries. Evidences that prove WE ARE NOT ALONE. These underwater structures and cities seem to just stand out as out of place, in time, and there are questions about them that might throw a new light on the genesis of human history. All of these cities, from Atlantis to Dwarka always had a connection to the Gods. And these gods evidently seem to be ancient aliens.

Located about 500 miles away from the crowded streets of Istanbul, is Sanliurfa in eastern Turkey. There over a dusty hilltop in 1994, a Shepard noticed a piece of stone sticking out of his field. He began to dig around the stone, eventually unearthing a 19 foot pillar. Its edges were precise and rising from the middle was a relief carving of a very strange animal. Upon closer examination it was determined that the finely chiseled stones have been carved by expert stone masons, using advanced tools. When the news of this discovery reached the scientific community, one fact became obvious, a Kurdish Shepard has stumbled upon the whats could be the most astonishing archeological discovery in modern times. A site called Göbekli Tepe.

Göbekli Tepe is the oldest human-made place of worship yet discovered. Until excavations began, a complex on this scale was not thought possible for a community so ancient. The massive sequence of stratification layers suggests several millennia of activity, perhaps reaching back to the Mesolithic. The oldest occupation layer (stratum III) contains monolithic pillars linked by coarsely built walls to form circular or oval structures. So far, four such buildings, with diameters between 10 and 30m have been uncovered. Geophysical surveys indicate the existence of 16 additional structures.

Stratum II, dated to Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) (7500–6000 BC), has revealed several adjacent rectangular rooms with floors of polished lime, reminiscent of Roman terrazzo floors. The most recent layer consists of sediment deposited as the result of agricultural activity.

The monoliths are decorated with carved reliefs of animals and of abstract pictograms. The pictograms may represent commonly understood sacred symbols, as known from Neolithic cave paintings elsewhere. The carefully carved figurative reliefs depict lions, bulls, boars, foxes, gazelles, asses, snakes and other reptiles, insects, arachnids, and birds, particularly vultures and water fowl. At the time the shrine was constructed the surrounding country was much lusher and capable of sustaining this variety of wildlife, before millennia of settlement and cultivation resulted in the near–Dust Bowl conditions prevailing today.

Vultures also feature in the iconography of the Neolithic sites of Çatalhöyük and Jericho; it is believed that in the early Neolithic culture of Anatolia and the Near East the deceased were deliberately exposed in order to be excarnated by vultures and other birds of prey. (The head of the deceased was sometimes removed and preserved—possibly a sign of ancestor worship.) This, then, would represent an early form of sky burial, as practiced today by Tibetan Buddhists and Zoroastrians in India.

Few humanoid forms have surfaced at Göbekli Tepe, but include a relief of a naked woman, posed frontally in a crouched position, that Schmidt likens to the Venus accueillante figures found in Neolithic north Africa; and of at least one decapitated corpse surrounded by vultures. Some of the pillars, namely the T-shaped ones, have carved arms, which may indicate that they represent stylized humans (or anthropomorphic gods). Another example is decorated with human hands in what could be interpreted as a prayer gesture, with a simple stole or surplice engraved above; this may be intended to represent a temple priest.


For the last 15 years the German archeological team has been excavating this land and they have been performing ‘carbon dating’ as fat as they go. And it has taken them 15 years to uncover about 5%-7% of a gigantic civilization. So far the archeologists have been able to locate circles upon circles, perfect circles – with carved stone pillars 19 feet tall and weighing 15 tonnes each. Each of these pillars have been carved out of single block of stone and have been intricately decorated with relief feature of animals and birds. Tests have proved that Göbekli Tepe is almost 12,000 years old. Almost 7,000 years older than Mesopotamia, long heralded as the cradle of human civilization. No other site is this advanced and its this old. The chance discovery of Göbekli Tepe has doubled the age of human civilization.

In words of Graham Hancock, “We have this gigantic site with huge circular megalithic structure, that stands there as a mystery, asking us to go figure how was this done, whats the background to this. We have no idea, who made them. They just come out of the dark of the last ice age, about which we know nothing, and enter this stage of history already fully formed. And to my mind this is indicative of a major forgotten episode of human history”. Could the discovery of Göbekli Tepe, change our understanding of human history, and might prove that mankind’s most puzzling myths might just be based in facts. To put things into perspective, the site of Göbekli Tepe is more than 12000 years old, that’s 7000 years earlier than Stonehenge and Great Pyramid. So clearly we have something that contradicts the global understanding of the evolution of Human Civilization.

Curiously, after 15 years of serious excavation, archeologists have failed to recover a single stone cutting tool, nor have they found any agricultural implements. The history of Göbekli Tepe is further compelled by ancient stone carvings found throughout the site. Located about 300 miles from Mount Ararat, the site many Biblical scholars believe to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark, the relief carvings of Göbekli Tepe suggest a time in the region’s history when the indigenous animal population may have been of a totally different origin. But do these provide any evidence of the great flood as described in the Bible. According to Graham Hancock, “Archeologists are aware of more then 2000 myths about the great flood”. Scholars believe that stories of a cataclysmic flood as described in the Bible is also found on the pillars of Göbekli Tepe. If this is true, that would push the date of the Great Flood, to the end of the last ice age. That’s thousands of years earlier than the Biblical period.

Perhaps more compelling than that is the question, who built Göbekli Tepe? What was its purpose? And how did such a site remain in such pristine condition, for more than 10000 years? Philip Coppens seems to have an answer to this. According to Coppens, “If you look at Göbekli Tepe, this site was carefully placed under the sand. It was actually buried”. However no answer has been found to why the site was buried. It could have been to save the site from invaders, or perhaps to preserve it, in a hope to return to it some day. No matter what the reason is, the fact remains that the site of Göbekli Tepe is more then 12000 years old, and that has logically pushed the genesis of human civilization by more then 70000 years. And this could well be just the beginning. If human civilization could have thrived and existed 12000 years ago, would it be too outlandish to believe that, there were very advanced human civilizations existing in the highlands of Bolivia about 17000 years ago.

Your call. After all I am convinced.

A few years ago I remember watching a feature length film called the Greatest flaws of Hollywood. And if I recall correctly, most of those flaws were chronological in nature. In other words, what was caught on camera, was not supposed to be existent at a time, the movie was based upon. For instance a red Ferrari was captured while the great chariot race of Ben Hur was being filmed, a civil aviation jetliner was seen flying over Achilles’ head and so forth. It somehow indicates that human mind is conditioned to acceptance of events based upon time frame relevance of their existence. Ben Hur never drove a Ferrari and Troy never boasted of the largest airport in the world. This is called anachronism – a figure of speech that’s used to describe something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred. You are about to witness one such anachronism. However, this is true.

While epic sagas have been sung in the honor of the Great Pyramids since time immemorial, we witness oblivious megalithic structures strewn in every corner of the world that deserve the same respect as the Pyramids if not more. Ancient sites of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku located in the highlands of Bolivia are such places. According to a certain estimation, the city of Tiahuanaco is over 17,000 years old, thereby making it the oldest existing evidence of city life. In the words of Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, of Legendary Times, “while the Pyramids are a great achievement of technology, in front of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku the Great Pyramid is a child’s play. Logic doesn’t seem to exist here. Because what you see in Puma Punku is so precise, so inexplicable, so unachievable, that the question remains, how were these moments made and for what purposes”.

Like any other ancient megalithic structures, Tiahuanaco too shows strong evidence of precise celestial alignment. Its observed that the walls of Tiahuanaco was mounted with ‘Solstice Markers’, and these markers were points precisely over which, the sun used to rise on the days of Summer and Winter solstices. However mainstream archeologists differ in their opinion. They say that the construction of Tiahuanaco is marked with an error and that the sun does not rise over the solstice markers as suggested by the ancient alien theorists. These are simple observable errors of construction, related to the date of construction of the site. Eminent historian Robert Buval says that this disorientation with respect to the cardinal points is caused by the angle of earth’s angle of inclination. This was the argument used for the calculation of the age of the site. The diagram below gives a rough idea of how the angle of sunrise has changed over the years in reference to the solstice markers.

And as already stated, this change could be attributed to the change in the angle of the earth’s rotation. Although totally disregarded by the mainstream archeologists and historians, the angle of the earth’s rotation about 17000 years ago was such that the solstice markers at Tiahuanaco was exactly aligned to the sunrise during the solstices.

The construction and the precision thereof, at Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco are indeed thought provoking. Firstly the construction site lies about 4000 meters above sea level, where there are no vegetation or plantation, which could be used as rollers to quarry those enormous blocks of stones used for its construction. So far no convincing answer has been found as to how those massive stone blocks weighing 100-200 tonnes were transported to the construction site. You cannot help but ask the ever mysterious question, that of basic project equation. How many people were needed to construct what we see? How did they survive at that great height? This is another perplexing dilemma suggested by Graham Hancock. He says, “the site is at 4000 meters above the sea level, the weather there is so dry and cold that vegetation comes out of the soil stunted. Yet we are asked to believe the fact that Tiahuanaco was created by labor forces, who pulled massive blocks of stone on wooden rollers to a height of 4000 meters, to create a monument of such magnitude, for their Gods”. This is truly unbelievable feat of human ingenuity, then. Mainstream archeologists and historians have a consensus on the fact that Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku were created by Aymara Indians. Also they agree to the fact that Aymara Indians has no script. That they could not write. Any person who has seen Tiahuanaco live or remotely, would agree to the fact that to create something of that magnitude and precision would require meticulous planning and at least a very basic idea of mathematics, engineering, physics and geology. However for a clan that never had a script, any of these knowledge is too far fetched. Furthermore, as we delve deeper into the details of construction at these two sites we are faced with further perplexing questions. For instance the material used in Puma Punku is either granite or diorite. And the only stone harder than diorite is diamond. So its virtually impossible to cut these stones to shape unless the ancient engineers has tools tipped with diamond. Of-course they could have employed laser or ultrasonic technologies for this purpose, and any evidences of that, if found, would not be surprising.

The engineers of Puma Punku employed a very ingenuous method of holding those massive stone blocks together. They used to create an indent into the stone on surfaces facing each other. In this indent they poursed a liquid metal, which when hardened used to form a permanent metal clamp. And one that showed no signs of rusting even after thousands of years. This technique of holding blocks of stone together is also evident in Egypt, at the Great Pyramids. Would that mean these two civilizations used to “exchange notes”, or were they influenced by similar teachers, who traveled across the globe between civilizations. But who in such distant antiquity used to travel across the globe? What were their modes of travel? The “clamp technique” raises a very important question. The question of applied technology and deployment. To create these clamps the construction workers at Puma Punku had to deploy a furnace of portable nature to pour the molten liquid metal into the grooves. Any delay could solidify the metal beating the purpose of melting it. Therefore, evidently, the constructors of Puma Punku, not only were well versed with the science of metal melting, but also, they were could create a portable furnace equivalent device, to achieve the technique of clamping. In Puma Punku, we are faced with some more questions of construction precision. We see stone pillars with meticulously carved grooves in them. The precision and accuracy with which these grooves have been created evidently demonstrate signs of tooling and machining.

Each of the pillars shown above are marked with grooves. All the grooves are of the same width from start to the end, all of them are of the same depth along the length. These grooves are further marked with circular holes, which are placed at similar intervals, have the same depth and diameter. Also they bear a smooth finish along the walls. And we are told that primitive mad did his without any tools thousands of years ago. Well, I don’t think that is the case. For people who could achieve the “clamp technique”, is machining and usage of applied technology of high order, too far fetched? There have been efforts to reconstruct Puma Punku, because its evident from the ruins, that the site was deliberately destroyed. According to Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, “it looks as if its has been ripped apart by some enormous force”. However the precision and intricacy of its construction makes it virtually impossible to reconstruct Puma Punku. Some plans that were drawn , gives us an idea of the quality of engineering deployed for its creation.

While we stay perplexed and wage the ever ending battle of man vs aliens, fact remains that no convincing answer has so far been provided for those innumerable perplexing questions that Puma Punku leaves with us. We are left in the lurch, guessing and further guessing in the never ending darkness.

  • Who built Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku?
  • Why was this built?
  • Where did the ancient man acquire his knowledge from?
  • The secret of the celestial alignment.
  • What is behind the precision of engineering that’s evident at the site?
  • Were tools and machines used?
  • How was the huge labor force mainstream scholarship talks about, fed and maintained at such high altitudes?
  • Why was it created at such remotely accessible area?
  • Is there something more to the Egyptian similarity?
  • Why was it destroyed?