Posts Tagged ‘Megalithic’

On July 24, 1911, explorer Hiram Bingham was led by Peruvian guides to the mountaintop citadel of Machu Picchu—a discovery that brought this extraordinary Inca site to the attention of the world. “It fairly took my breath away,” Bingham said of the magnificent ruins set amid soaring Andean peaks. The following year, the National Geographic Society provided Bingham with a grant to excavate the site, and our connection to this ancient wonder has continued ever since.

But there is more to Machu Picchu – from the Ancient Alien Theory standpoint. A feat of engineering, this site seems to have been created by being of higher intelligence. While human ingenuity cannot be entirely ruled out, but we witness definite evidences of knowledge transfer, without which a construction of such magnitude and precision would not have been made possible, only by primitive/ medieval man. The saga of Machu Picchu shall be looked into, in a separate entry of this blog, this being just a ‘centenary’ entry – a tribute.


Located about 500 miles away from the crowded streets of Istanbul, is Sanliurfa in eastern Turkey. There over a dusty hilltop in 1994, a Shepard noticed a piece of stone sticking out of his field. He began to dig around the stone, eventually unearthing a 19 foot pillar. Its edges were precise and rising from the middle was a relief carving of a very strange animal. Upon closer examination it was determined that the finely chiseled stones have been carved by expert stone masons, using advanced tools. When the news of this discovery reached the scientific community, one fact became obvious, a Kurdish Shepard has stumbled upon the whats could be the most astonishing archeological discovery in modern times. A site called Göbekli Tepe.

Göbekli Tepe is the oldest human-made place of worship yet discovered. Until excavations began, a complex on this scale was not thought possible for a community so ancient. The massive sequence of stratification layers suggests several millennia of activity, perhaps reaching back to the Mesolithic. The oldest occupation layer (stratum III) contains monolithic pillars linked by coarsely built walls to form circular or oval structures. So far, four such buildings, with diameters between 10 and 30m have been uncovered. Geophysical surveys indicate the existence of 16 additional structures.

Stratum II, dated to Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) (7500–6000 BC), has revealed several adjacent rectangular rooms with floors of polished lime, reminiscent of Roman terrazzo floors. The most recent layer consists of sediment deposited as the result of agricultural activity.

The monoliths are decorated with carved reliefs of animals and of abstract pictograms. The pictograms may represent commonly understood sacred symbols, as known from Neolithic cave paintings elsewhere. The carefully carved figurative reliefs depict lions, bulls, boars, foxes, gazelles, asses, snakes and other reptiles, insects, arachnids, and birds, particularly vultures and water fowl. At the time the shrine was constructed the surrounding country was much lusher and capable of sustaining this variety of wildlife, before millennia of settlement and cultivation resulted in the near–Dust Bowl conditions prevailing today.

Vultures also feature in the iconography of the Neolithic sites of Çatalhöyük and Jericho; it is believed that in the early Neolithic culture of Anatolia and the Near East the deceased were deliberately exposed in order to be excarnated by vultures and other birds of prey. (The head of the deceased was sometimes removed and preserved—possibly a sign of ancestor worship.) This, then, would represent an early form of sky burial, as practiced today by Tibetan Buddhists and Zoroastrians in India.

Few humanoid forms have surfaced at Göbekli Tepe, but include a relief of a naked woman, posed frontally in a crouched position, that Schmidt likens to the Venus accueillante figures found in Neolithic north Africa; and of at least one decapitated corpse surrounded by vultures. Some of the pillars, namely the T-shaped ones, have carved arms, which may indicate that they represent stylized humans (or anthropomorphic gods). Another example is decorated with human hands in what could be interpreted as a prayer gesture, with a simple stole or surplice engraved above; this may be intended to represent a temple priest.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G%C3%B6bekli_Tepe#The_complex

For the last 15 years the German archeological team has been excavating this land and they have been performing ‘carbon dating’ as fat as they go. And it has taken them 15 years to uncover about 5%-7% of a gigantic civilization. So far the archeologists have been able to locate circles upon circles, perfect circles – with carved stone pillars 19 feet tall and weighing 15 tonnes each. Each of these pillars have been carved out of single block of stone and have been intricately decorated with relief feature of animals and birds. Tests have proved that Göbekli Tepe is almost 12,000 years old. Almost 7,000 years older than Mesopotamia, long heralded as the cradle of human civilization. No other site is this advanced and its this old. The chance discovery of Göbekli Tepe has doubled the age of human civilization.

In words of Graham Hancock, “We have this gigantic site with huge circular megalithic structure, that stands there as a mystery, asking us to go figure how was this done, whats the background to this. We have no idea, who made them. They just come out of the dark of the last ice age, about which we know nothing, and enter this stage of history already fully formed. And to my mind this is indicative of a major forgotten episode of human history”. Could the discovery of Göbekli Tepe, change our understanding of human history, and might prove that mankind’s most puzzling myths might just be based in facts. To put things into perspective, the site of Göbekli Tepe is more than 12000 years old, that’s 7000 years earlier than Stonehenge and Great Pyramid. So clearly we have something that contradicts the global understanding of the evolution of Human Civilization.

Curiously, after 15 years of serious excavation, archeologists have failed to recover a single stone cutting tool, nor have they found any agricultural implements. The history of Göbekli Tepe is further compelled by ancient stone carvings found throughout the site. Located about 300 miles from Mount Ararat, the site many Biblical scholars believe to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark, the relief carvings of Göbekli Tepe suggest a time in the region’s history when the indigenous animal population may have been of a totally different origin. But do these provide any evidence of the great flood as described in the Bible. According to Graham Hancock, “Archeologists are aware of more then 2000 myths about the great flood”. Scholars believe that stories of a cataclysmic flood as described in the Bible is also found on the pillars of Göbekli Tepe. If this is true, that would push the date of the Great Flood, to the end of the last ice age. That’s thousands of years earlier than the Biblical period.

Perhaps more compelling than that is the question, who built Göbekli Tepe? What was its purpose? And how did such a site remain in such pristine condition, for more than 10000 years? Philip Coppens seems to have an answer to this. According to Coppens, “If you look at Göbekli Tepe, this site was carefully placed under the sand. It was actually buried”. However no answer has been found to why the site was buried. It could have been to save the site from invaders, or perhaps to preserve it, in a hope to return to it some day. No matter what the reason is, the fact remains that the site of Göbekli Tepe is more then 12000 years old, and that has logically pushed the genesis of human civilization by more then 70000 years. And this could well be just the beginning. If human civilization could have thrived and existed 12000 years ago, would it be too outlandish to believe that, there were very advanced human civilizations existing in the highlands of Bolivia about 17000 years ago.

Your call. After all I am convinced.


A few years ago I remember watching a feature length film called the Greatest flaws of Hollywood. And if I recall correctly, most of those flaws were chronological in nature. In other words, what was caught on camera, was not supposed to be existent at a time, the movie was based upon. For instance a red Ferrari was captured while the great chariot race of Ben Hur was being filmed, a civil aviation jetliner was seen flying over Achilles’ head and so forth. It somehow indicates that human mind is conditioned to acceptance of events based upon time frame relevance of their existence. Ben Hur never drove a Ferrari and Troy never boasted of the largest airport in the world. This is called anachronism – a figure of speech that’s used to describe something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred. You are about to witness one such anachronism. However, this is true.

While epic sagas have been sung in the honor of the Great Pyramids since time immemorial, we witness oblivious megalithic structures strewn in every corner of the world that deserve the same respect as the Pyramids if not more. Ancient sites of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku located in the highlands of Bolivia are such places. According to a certain estimation, the city of Tiahuanaco is over 17,000 years old, thereby making it the oldest existing evidence of city life. In the words of Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, of Legendary Times, “while the Pyramids are a great achievement of technology, in front of Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku the Great Pyramid is a child’s play. Logic doesn’t seem to exist here. Because what you see in Puma Punku is so precise, so inexplicable, so unachievable, that the question remains, how were these moments made and for what purposes”.

Like any other ancient megalithic structures, Tiahuanaco too shows strong evidence of precise celestial alignment. Its observed that the walls of Tiahuanaco was mounted with ‘Solstice Markers’, and these markers were points precisely over which, the sun used to rise on the days of Summer and Winter solstices. However mainstream archeologists differ in their opinion. They say that the construction of Tiahuanaco is marked with an error and that the sun does not rise over the solstice markers as suggested by the ancient alien theorists. These are simple observable errors of construction, related to the date of construction of the site. Eminent historian Robert Buval says that this disorientation with respect to the cardinal points is caused by the angle of earth’s angle of inclination. This was the argument used for the calculation of the age of the site. The diagram below gives a rough idea of how the angle of sunrise has changed over the years in reference to the solstice markers.

And as already stated, this change could be attributed to the change in the angle of the earth’s rotation. Although totally disregarded by the mainstream archeologists and historians, the angle of the earth’s rotation about 17000 years ago was such that the solstice markers at Tiahuanaco was exactly aligned to the sunrise during the solstices.


The construction and the precision thereof, at Puma Punku and Tiahuanaco are indeed thought provoking. Firstly the construction site lies about 4000 meters above sea level, where there are no vegetation or plantation, which could be used as rollers to quarry those enormous blocks of stones used for its construction. So far no convincing answer has been found as to how those massive stone blocks weighing 100-200 tonnes were transported to the construction site. You cannot help but ask the ever mysterious question, that of basic project equation. How many people were needed to construct what we see? How did they survive at that great height? This is another perplexing dilemma suggested by Graham Hancock. He says, “the site is at 4000 meters above the sea level, the weather there is so dry and cold that vegetation comes out of the soil stunted. Yet we are asked to believe the fact that Tiahuanaco was created by labor forces, who pulled massive blocks of stone on wooden rollers to a height of 4000 meters, to create a monument of such magnitude, for their Gods”. This is truly unbelievable feat of human ingenuity, then. Mainstream archeologists and historians have a consensus on the fact that Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku were created by Aymara Indians. Also they agree to the fact that Aymara Indians has no script. That they could not write. Any person who has seen Tiahuanaco live or remotely, would agree to the fact that to create something of that magnitude and precision would require meticulous planning and at least a very basic idea of mathematics, engineering, physics and geology. However for a clan that never had a script, any of these knowledge is too far fetched. Furthermore, as we delve deeper into the details of construction at these two sites we are faced with further perplexing questions. For instance the material used in Puma Punku is either granite or diorite. And the only stone harder than diorite is diamond. So its virtually impossible to cut these stones to shape unless the ancient engineers has tools tipped with diamond. Of-course they could have employed laser or ultrasonic technologies for this purpose, and any evidences of that, if found, would not be surprising.


The engineers of Puma Punku employed a very ingenuous method of holding those massive stone blocks together. They used to create an indent into the stone on surfaces facing each other. In this indent they poursed a liquid metal, which when hardened used to form a permanent metal clamp. And one that showed no signs of rusting even after thousands of years. This technique of holding blocks of stone together is also evident in Egypt, at the Great Pyramids. Would that mean these two civilizations used to “exchange notes”, or were they influenced by similar teachers, who traveled across the globe between civilizations. But who in such distant antiquity used to travel across the globe? What were their modes of travel? The “clamp technique” raises a very important question. The question of applied technology and deployment. To create these clamps the construction workers at Puma Punku had to deploy a furnace of portable nature to pour the molten liquid metal into the grooves. Any delay could solidify the metal beating the purpose of melting it. Therefore, evidently, the constructors of Puma Punku, not only were well versed with the science of metal melting, but also, they were could create a portable furnace equivalent device, to achieve the technique of clamping. In Puma Punku, we are faced with some more questions of construction precision. We see stone pillars with meticulously carved grooves in them. The precision and accuracy with which these grooves have been created evidently demonstrate signs of tooling and machining.

Each of the pillars shown above are marked with grooves. All the grooves are of the same width from start to the end, all of them are of the same depth along the length. These grooves are further marked with circular holes, which are placed at similar intervals, have the same depth and diameter. Also they bear a smooth finish along the walls. And we are told that primitive mad did his without any tools thousands of years ago. Well, I don’t think that is the case. For people who could achieve the “clamp technique”, is machining and usage of applied technology of high order, too far fetched? There have been efforts to reconstruct Puma Punku, because its evident from the ruins, that the site was deliberately destroyed. According to Giorgio A. Tsoukalos, “it looks as if its has been ripped apart by some enormous force”. However the precision and intricacy of its construction makes it virtually impossible to reconstruct Puma Punku. Some plans that were drawn , gives us an idea of the quality of engineering deployed for its creation.

While we stay perplexed and wage the ever ending battle of man vs aliens, fact remains that no convincing answer has so far been provided for those innumerable perplexing questions that Puma Punku leaves with us. We are left in the lurch, guessing and further guessing in the never ending darkness.

  • Who built Tiahuanaco and Puma Punku?
  • Why was this built?
  • Where did the ancient man acquire his knowledge from?
  • The secret of the celestial alignment.
  • What is behind the precision of engineering that’s evident at the site?
  • Were tools and machines used?
  • How was the huge labor force mainstream scholarship talks about, fed and maintained at such high altitudes?
  • Why was it created at such remotely accessible area?
  • Is there something more to the Egyptian similarity?
  • Why was it destroyed?

Think.

The enigma of The Great Pyramid has intrigued archeologists, historians and engineers alike, and none of them have provided logically satisfying  answers to the Egyptian enigma. We have been told to dwell upon the popular opinion, that the Great Pyramids have been constructed by hauling massive blocks of stone, driven by enormous slave population, up the ramp to an incredible height of about 150 meters above the ground, thereby completing a structure of such magnitude, within 20-22 years. However, the very fact that 100-200 tonnes of stone blocks have been hauled close to 500ft above the ground, is a strong evidence of technology itself. And one that we absolutely don’t understand. And hence Egypt for millions have remained forever opaque, an enigma that withstood all the tests of time. Historians and geologists from University of Boston such as Dr. Robert Shock and John Anthony West have jolted the conventional educational establishment, with geological evidences of the fact that the pyramids were thousands of years older than what has been thought.

West believes that ancient civilization was not only much older but also much wiser than what the orthodox scholarship had maintained. Also the fact that we as a civilization are the best of the breed and whatever happened before was comparatively inferior, as we delve further into the corridors of history, might not be true after all. Here we have an evidence of a civilization that has hauled 150-200 tonnes stone blocks and have been able to create a masterpiece like The Great Pyramid and Sphinx, however no one precisely knows how  the task was accomplished. Colin Wilson – another eminent author and an Ancient Alien Theorist, tried engaging a Japanese establishment specializing into heavy hauling, to execute lifting of blocks weighing 70 tonnes each up-to a height of 150 feet above the ground, and they had immense problems in acquiring the precision needed for such an act. However evidences of a similar act could be witnessed at the Kings Chamber in the Great Pyramid, flawlessly executed. According to the ancient alien theorists, the Great Pyramid is a classic example of a technologically advanced civilization that existed thousands of years before the first dynastic period in Egypt.

In the Giza plateau in Egypt stands what the Encyclopedia Britannica calls the greatest single building ever constructed by mankind. It stands taller than a forty storied sky scrapper and is a true work of engineering masterpiece. Containing about two million three hundred thousand blocks of stone, weighing an average of 2.5 tonnes each. All of this, we are told have been achieved without wheels, pulleys or the block and tackle. The entire surface of the pyramid was once coated with 16 tonnes of limestone blocks, polished to the tolerance of a contact lens, and stuck together so tightly that a sharp knife wouldn’t pass between the joints. Yet we are forced to believe that this is just a glorified, royal tomb, created by primitive man, walking out of the caves nearby. If an attempt was made today to create the pyramid we would not be able to quarry such huge blocks to similar heights, we do not have mechanical devices to accomplish such a feat. According to a calculation performed by Robert Bauval, to move a stone block weighing one and a half tonnes, considering the friction factor and the maximum angle of the ramp, it would need close to eight hundred men putting a concerted simultaneous effort. The logical picture doesn’t fit the jig-saw.

Some of the artifacts located in and around the site have over the period of time been closely examined by engineers, investigators and experts. What has been noticed is that there are definite signs of tooling and automation. The precision achieved is definitely not handcrafted. Each cut stone at the corner has a curved gap, and the measurement of this curve gap, formed a ‘true’ radius, that was consistent throughout each site. Tell tale signs of machining are precision and repeatability, and the artifact demonstrate both these characteristics. The ‘plaining’ technique used for leveling the inner surface, illustrate space age precision, when measured using modern day tools and equipments. And to repeat this precision over an area as big as the pyramid would require very high grade engineering equipment. Some believe that ancient builders who built the pyramid used at the least, high speed drills and ultrasound techniques. Does mankind need to revise its theory on Egypt?

Inventor Patrick Flanagan is best known for his book on pyramid power. He believed that the primitive man had an access to the capabilities of the pyramidal formation itself, which is beginning to be rediscovered today. It has been established by Flanagan that if you are designing pyramidal microwave point, the impedance of free space is ideally about 377 Ohms and it changes as you change the angle of the pyramid formation. This has been well accepted in modern electronics. And if you measure the impedance of free space of the Great Pyramid it comes to exactly 377 Ohms, meaning its a perfect resonator, enabling it not only to resonate radio frequency based energy but also other scalar energy fields such a zero point energy. There are some who believe that the magnitude of The Great Pyramid, is beyond mechanical realm, and that a hi-tech hydraulic system was employed to achieve this feat.

So if they really possessed such knowledge, then where, when and from whom did they get it? According to Zecharia Sitchin, a scholar and an expert in the ancient Sumerian civilization, considered to be the cradle of human civilization, all ancient technology are a legacy of visitors from outer space. Its important to accept the reality, that people from another planet, much more advanced than us, who first appeared about four hundred and fifty thousand years ago, from a planet called Nibiru, also called the Planet-X, X denoting the number ten, as its also the 10th planet of our solar system. This planet crosses path with our solar system every three thousand six hundred years.

Egyptian legend has it, that genesis of human civilization goes many thousands years before the Pharaohs, to about forty thousand years, a theory that has been discounted by mainstream archeologists and historians. However on the other side of the world, in India, the Vedic texts also talk about the beginning of human civilization around the same time period. So I don’t think this sound be ridiculed, as some nonsense piled upon us. Edgar Cayce is of the opinion that, much of the sophisticated technology we see at the Pyramids of Giza are a product of a technically advanced civilization that existed in antiquity, who could use the forces of nature to effect matter.

Graham Hancock says, “We are a species with amnesia”, and we have conveniently forgotten a major episode in human history and evolution, Conditioned by society and civilization we have reached a point where we not only discredit our predecessors, we also fail to learn the lessons they are trying to impart. Here are further evidences that cannot be ruled out as being mere coincidences, technological awareness that surely doesn’t match up to the time when they have been demonstrated.

  • The Great Pyramid is precisely aligned to true North, South, East and West.
  • If you take the perimeter of the pyramid and divide it by two times the height,  you get a number that is exactly equivalent to the number ∏ or PI – 3.14159 up to the fifteenth digit.
  • What about the fact that even though the sides of the base of the pyramid are some 757 feet long,  it still forms an almost perfect square?  Every angle in the base is exactly 90 degrees.
  • Although the Egyptians kept very careful records about everything they ever did;  every king they had,  every war they fought,  and every structure they built, there were no records of them ever having built the pyramids?
  • Egyptians had not even invented the wheel yet,  but the blocks that they had to carry to build the pyramids weighed about 2 tons each? 4,000 lbs.?
  • If you take the line of longitude that the pyramid lies on and the latitude that the pyramid lies on,  31 degrees north by 31 degrees west (the fact that they are the same number is a coincidence???)  they are the two lines that cover the most combined land area in the world. In essence, the pyramid is the center of all of the land mass of the whole earth.
  • We have also noticed exact alignment to geostationary bodies such as the Orion constellation belt and the path of the Sun during solstices.
  • The height of the pyramid (481 feet) is almost exactly 1/1,000,000,000 of the distance from the earth to the sun (480.6 billion feet)?
  • What about all of that fungi that was found in King Tutu’s chamber?   Fungi which has never before been seen on earth?

Analyze this.