Posts Tagged ‘Turkey’

Across the world mankind has been confronted with evidences and artifacts that pose question marks which have never been satisfactorily reasoned by mainstream scholarship. The term used by AA Theorists to describe propagation of such unreasoned idea is, “Sanitized View”. Most of these evidences are very aptly described by another industry accepted term called “Out of Place Artifacts”. These evidences stick out of the sands of time, posing question that we are still trying to reason with. Some of these evidences are in form of Maps, found across the world that compels us to ask, how were they built and who built them? Because, quite evidently they are not a handiwork of humankind, considering the time they were built. Lets analyze a such few significant maps. Closely.

The Piri Reis Map of 1513

In 1929 there was an amazing map discovered in the Imperial Archives at Constantinople that had been sitting, virtually unexamined, for years. The map, which had been drawn in 1513 by a Turkish Admiral named Piri Reis, showed North America, South America, Greenland and Antarctica. However what is so perplexing about this map is that Antarctica had not been discovered in 1513. Antarctica was not located until 1820 and America had only been discovered in 1492, a mere 21 years prior to the maps creation and yet it is mapped quite accurately. Remarkably, the map also depicts several land masses bearing their correct longitudes even though longitude itself was not discovered until the late 1700’s either. Reis had been a famous Turkish Admiral of the 16th Century. He had a passion for maps, He loved cartography and was a highly experienced and respected mariner. In his day, he was considered to be an expert on all Mediterranean Lands and Coastlines and also held high in the favors of the Turkish court. Such a noble status enabled him to enjoy privileged access to the Imperial Library at Constantinople and he spent much of his spare time there. In his notes Reis said that he had based his map on several much older maps he had seen at the library, including one that Columbus is reported to have viewed prior to his voyage to the Americas.

The map in question was said to have been captured from the Spaniards in a naval engagement and later given to the admiral by a Spanish prisoner who had apparently sailed on three of Columbus’s New World voyages! Many scholars have indeed suspected that Columbus was in possession of a map and already knew of the existence of America before embarking on his famous ‘voyage of discovery’. Reis also wrote a well known Turkish book on sailing called ‘Kitababi Bahriye’ in which he gives detailed and accurate descriptions of the coastlines, harbors, bays, currents, shallows and straits of the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. He was beheaded by the Turkish Court in 1554 or 1555 for reasons now unknown. In case you can’t see it, That’s the top piece of Africa on the top right of the map and the tip of south America reaching out to it from the left side of the map, running up through the gulf of Mexico and up to Nth. America. The tip of Antarctica can be seen sticking up on the bottom right. Another interesting point to this map is the strange layout of the South American continent which looks sort of stretched out of shape. However, viewing the sphere of earth from space accurately produces this type of view.

The Orontius Finaeus Map of 1531

The Orontius Finaeus map was found in 1960 by Charles Hapgood and it too, apparently shows the continent of Antarctica along with the accurate outlines of Antarctic rivers that are now covered by thick glaciers. The map was found in the Library of Congress in Washington DC where it had been sitting unstudied for a great many years. In the map the continent and coastline is shown to be ice free and, like the Piri Reis map, it too shows an accurate depiction of the Ross Sea which today is totally hidden beneath a floating ice shelf several hundred meters thick. Studies of actual core samples taken from the Antarctic ice shelf have also clearly revealed numerous layers of strata in the ice showing that the area has indeed gone through several periods of dramatic environmental change. Some sedimentary deposits that were found in the samples were from sea water that had flowed into the area and were even actually datable. The tests show that the sediments were deposited sometime around 4000 years ago which indicates that the Ross Sea would have had to have been flowing and free from ice at the time for the deposits to have occurred.

The Bauche Map of 1737

Phillip Bauche was a French geographer of the 18th century who also drew a map that clearly shows Antarctica except that Bauche’s map shows Antarctica two separate land masses, with detailed shorelines (fig.3). For many years the map was generally considered to be wrong because when Antarctica was discovered it actually looked nothing what Bauche had drawn. Then in 1958 a seismic survey of Antarctica was carried out which surprisingly showed that Antarctica was indeed two archipelago islands covered by a thick layer of ice that made it appear as only one land mass and not only that, but that the general topography of the lands beneath the ice matches the drawings on the Bauche map in every detail. So how on earth this can be in any way possible? This map means that Bauche was in possession of a correct map showing Antarctica 100 years before it was discovered and not only that, but without any ice on it. Antarctica has not been in an ice free condition for a minimum of at least 10,000 years and many scientists believe that the period of time to be more like several million years.

The Franco Rosselli map of 1508

Franco Rosselli was a renowned Florentine cartographer of the 15th century who created a relatively small but richly illustrated copperplate engraving, hand colored on Vellum, measuring just 6 x 11 inches.The piece is now kept in the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. At the time Rosselli created the map, cartography was still a relatively new and experimental art which makes the revelations in his world map even more amazing. The maps depiction of Antarctica is a work of great accuracy and even names the area quite specifically as Antarticus. The details on the Rosselli map are extremely well painted and as with the previous maps, geographical features such as the Ross Sea and Wilkes Land are particularly easy to identify on it. Again, what is so perplexing about this extraordinary map is the year it was painted in 1508. According to our history this is a full three and a half centuries before Antarctica was discovered. And yet here again we have Antarctica depicted accurately on a 15th century Florentine map.

The Mercator Map of 1538

And even yet another intriguing map is one drawn in 1538 by Mercator, another highly respected cartographer who lived in the 16th century. His works are quite famous and you can still buy a Mercator atlas in shops today. Mercator was known to periodically update is works and produce a new, more definitive world atlas as more shores became charted and more accurate charts become available to him. In doing such an update, his 1538 world map (fig.5) was replaced by a new one in 1569. However we now know that not only was his 1538 map far more accurate than the latter one but what proved to be even more amazing was that it also contained correct measurements of longitude. To put all this mention of longitude into some sort of perspective for you: Longitude is the distance in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian. Due to the Earths rotation, it is far harder to calculate longitude than it is latitude, which can be measured by using the stars or the sun for
observation. To calculate Longitude, requires an equation of ‘distance = speed x time’ and, most importantly, an accurate clock. Discovering longitude was once described as “greatest of all naval problems” and in the 1700’s an actual Board of Longitude was set up in England to solve the issue. In 1714, Sir Isaac Newton appeared before the board and explained that the real problem was that “a watch required for such accuracy has not yet been invented”. The Queen then offered a prize of 20,000 pounds to any man who might build such a device and finally, in 1761, a man by the name of Harrison claimed the prize and put forth his prototype chronometer which then “ushered in a new era of sea travel” for the world.

During the 19th century maps then began being updated with the correct degrees of longitude. However Mercator’s map of 1538 was marked with correct longitude a full 223 years before it was discovered. Where was he able to gain that information from? It is obvious that Mercator himself had no real knowledge of longitude at the time and must have borrowed or been given the information from another source because he then updated his subsequent maps incorrectly with
what was considered to be more recent and therefore, supposedly more reliable information. These maps constitute some extremely significant evidence indeed, for if ancient man had never circumnavigated the globe or possessed any knowledge of longitude then how can any of these maps exist?


Earths Forbidden Secrets Part One

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Located about 500 miles away from the crowded streets of Istanbul, is Sanliurfa in eastern Turkey. There over a dusty hilltop in 1994, a Shepard noticed a piece of stone sticking out of his field. He began to dig around the stone, eventually unearthing a 19 foot pillar. Its edges were precise and rising from the middle was a relief carving of a very strange animal. Upon closer examination it was determined that the finely chiseled stones have been carved by expert stone masons, using advanced tools. When the news of this discovery reached the scientific community, one fact became obvious, a Kurdish Shepard has stumbled upon the whats could be the most astonishing archeological discovery in modern times. A site called Göbekli Tepe.

Göbekli Tepe is the oldest human-made place of worship yet discovered. Until excavations began, a complex on this scale was not thought possible for a community so ancient. The massive sequence of stratification layers suggests several millennia of activity, perhaps reaching back to the Mesolithic. The oldest occupation layer (stratum III) contains monolithic pillars linked by coarsely built walls to form circular or oval structures. So far, four such buildings, with diameters between 10 and 30m have been uncovered. Geophysical surveys indicate the existence of 16 additional structures.

Stratum II, dated to Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PPNB) (7500–6000 BC), has revealed several adjacent rectangular rooms with floors of polished lime, reminiscent of Roman terrazzo floors. The most recent layer consists of sediment deposited as the result of agricultural activity.

The monoliths are decorated with carved reliefs of animals and of abstract pictograms. The pictograms may represent commonly understood sacred symbols, as known from Neolithic cave paintings elsewhere. The carefully carved figurative reliefs depict lions, bulls, boars, foxes, gazelles, asses, snakes and other reptiles, insects, arachnids, and birds, particularly vultures and water fowl. At the time the shrine was constructed the surrounding country was much lusher and capable of sustaining this variety of wildlife, before millennia of settlement and cultivation resulted in the near–Dust Bowl conditions prevailing today.

Vultures also feature in the iconography of the Neolithic sites of Çatalhöyük and Jericho; it is believed that in the early Neolithic culture of Anatolia and the Near East the deceased were deliberately exposed in order to be excarnated by vultures and other birds of prey. (The head of the deceased was sometimes removed and preserved—possibly a sign of ancestor worship.) This, then, would represent an early form of sky burial, as practiced today by Tibetan Buddhists and Zoroastrians in India.

Few humanoid forms have surfaced at Göbekli Tepe, but include a relief of a naked woman, posed frontally in a crouched position, that Schmidt likens to the Venus accueillante figures found in Neolithic north Africa; and of at least one decapitated corpse surrounded by vultures. Some of the pillars, namely the T-shaped ones, have carved arms, which may indicate that they represent stylized humans (or anthropomorphic gods). Another example is decorated with human hands in what could be interpreted as a prayer gesture, with a simple stole or surplice engraved above; this may be intended to represent a temple priest.

For the last 15 years the German archeological team has been excavating this land and they have been performing ‘carbon dating’ as fat as they go. And it has taken them 15 years to uncover about 5%-7% of a gigantic civilization. So far the archeologists have been able to locate circles upon circles, perfect circles – with carved stone pillars 19 feet tall and weighing 15 tonnes each. Each of these pillars have been carved out of single block of stone and have been intricately decorated with relief feature of animals and birds. Tests have proved that Göbekli Tepe is almost 12,000 years old. Almost 7,000 years older than Mesopotamia, long heralded as the cradle of human civilization. No other site is this advanced and its this old. The chance discovery of Göbekli Tepe has doubled the age of human civilization.

In words of Graham Hancock, “We have this gigantic site with huge circular megalithic structure, that stands there as a mystery, asking us to go figure how was this done, whats the background to this. We have no idea, who made them. They just come out of the dark of the last ice age, about which we know nothing, and enter this stage of history already fully formed. And to my mind this is indicative of a major forgotten episode of human history”. Could the discovery of Göbekli Tepe, change our understanding of human history, and might prove that mankind’s most puzzling myths might just be based in facts. To put things into perspective, the site of Göbekli Tepe is more than 12000 years old, that’s 7000 years earlier than Stonehenge and Great Pyramid. So clearly we have something that contradicts the global understanding of the evolution of Human Civilization.

Curiously, after 15 years of serious excavation, archeologists have failed to recover a single stone cutting tool, nor have they found any agricultural implements. The history of Göbekli Tepe is further compelled by ancient stone carvings found throughout the site. Located about 300 miles from Mount Ararat, the site many Biblical scholars believe to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark, the relief carvings of Göbekli Tepe suggest a time in the region’s history when the indigenous animal population may have been of a totally different origin. But do these provide any evidence of the great flood as described in the Bible. According to Graham Hancock, “Archeologists are aware of more then 2000 myths about the great flood”. Scholars believe that stories of a cataclysmic flood as described in the Bible is also found on the pillars of Göbekli Tepe. If this is true, that would push the date of the Great Flood, to the end of the last ice age. That’s thousands of years earlier than the Biblical period.

Perhaps more compelling than that is the question, who built Göbekli Tepe? What was its purpose? And how did such a site remain in such pristine condition, for more than 10000 years? Philip Coppens seems to have an answer to this. According to Coppens, “If you look at Göbekli Tepe, this site was carefully placed under the sand. It was actually buried”. However no answer has been found to why the site was buried. It could have been to save the site from invaders, or perhaps to preserve it, in a hope to return to it some day. No matter what the reason is, the fact remains that the site of Göbekli Tepe is more then 12000 years old, and that has logically pushed the genesis of human civilization by more then 70000 years. And this could well be just the beginning. If human civilization could have thrived and existed 12000 years ago, would it be too outlandish to believe that, there were very advanced human civilizations existing in the highlands of Bolivia about 17000 years ago.

Your call. After all I am convinced.